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Gymnothorax berndti Snyder, 1904Vertebrata/Fish/Muraenidae
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Anguilliformes  
 Family Muraenidae  
 Genus Gymnothorax  
  Gymnothorax berndti    Snyder, 1904 
Provider: Chen, Hong-Ming 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Lycodontis bernati   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993) A review of muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zoological studies 33(1):44-64(Chen, Shao & Chen, 1994)
Character: HL 6.6-7.7, DGO 12.1-14.6, TR 2.9-3.0 in TL, Vert 136-140. Ground color body with numerous wavy, thick, blackish or blackish brown bars; head and thick bar interspaces covered with thin blackish brown network. Blackish corner of mouth and inner mouth lings coloration similar to body coloration. Anal fin has a broad blackish base and whitish margin; yellowish iris when alive. 
Habitat: deeper species 
Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Japan, Taiwan, Hawaii. 
Utility: fisheries 
Name Code: 380749
   Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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羅嘉豪
2010-06-30 U/L
 
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gymnothorax&speciesname=berndti ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gymnothorax&speciesname=berndti
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gymnothorax&speciesname=berndti ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Gymnothorax-berndti.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Gymnothorax berndti Snyder , 1904

Y-patterned moray Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gymnothorax berndti   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Gymnothorax berndti (Y-patterned moray) Gymnothorax berndti
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Snyder .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 30 - 303 m (Ref. 1602 ).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Maldives (Ref. 11303 ) and Mauritius (Ref. 58078 ). Pacific Ocean: Taiwan to New Zealand, east to Hawaii.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Pale grey color with y-patterns along entire body (Ref. 30404 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Benthic (Ref. 58302 ). Rare species (Ref. 30404 ). Prefers rock and sponge areas (Ref. 30404 ). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30404.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen , 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 17 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 14.7 - 27.1, mean 22 (based on 292 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00091 (0.00045 - 0.00186), b=3.11 (2.94 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (62 of 100) .

Entered by Torres, Armi G. Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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