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Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacépède, 1801)
CHECKERBOARD WRASSE
Fourspot Wrasse; Labrus hortulanus Lacépède, 1801

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Halichoeres


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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/36c45953-dd5e-40a2-91d4-259b8c18ab6c/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/36c45953-dd5e-40a2-91d4-259b8c18ab6c/
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://taibnet.sinica.edu.tw/eng/taibnet_species_detail.php?gen=Halichoeres&spe=hortulanus

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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Halichoeres&speciesname=hortulanus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Halichoeres&speciesname=hortulanus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Halichoeres&speciesname=hortulanus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Halichoeres-hortulanus.html
Halichoeres hortulanus, Checkerboard wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801)

Checkerboard wrasse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Halichoeres hortulanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Halichoeres hortulanus (Checkerboard wrasse) Halichoeres hortulanus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc () > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 1602 ), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 27115 ).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115 ); 32°N - 28°S, 34°E - 134°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa and east to the Line, Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 12.8   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 11. Some geographical variations between Indian and Pacific Ocean and Red Sea. Adults with one or two yellow saddles over the back and sometimes with small black spot on upper peduncle. Small juveniles black and white, gradually changing with growth to adult pattern (Ref. 48636 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sand patches of lagoon and seaward reefs to at least 30 m (Ref. 1602 ); also on slopes to moderate depths along drop-offs (Ref. 48636 ). Juveniles common at the bottom of surge channels (Ref. 9710 ). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled prey, including mollusks, crustaceans and sea urchins (9823).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene , 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 12 April 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Fecundity
Eggs
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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References
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.8 - 29, mean 27.6 °C (based on 978 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00546 - 0.01671), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.42 se; based on food items. Generation time: 1.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.7). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz Fish Forum
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