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Halichoeres malpelo Allen and Robertson, 1992
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Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo

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Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo
Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo

Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo

Main identification features
  • initial phase : pink, yellow operculum, white belly
  • terminal phase : blue-grey, dark tail fin red eye
Dorsal rays IX, 12; anal rays III, 12; pectoral rays 13; lateral line with 27 pored scales; teeth caniniform; pair of enlarged and curved canines at front of upper jaw with a smaller canine just behind on each side; tip of of lower jaw with single large projecting canine that fits in slot between large pair of canines at front of upper jaw; no canines present at rear corner of jaws.

Terminal adult males mainly pale greenish blue, iris pink, outer 1/3 of tail fin dark grey; initial phase adults largely pinkish white with mainly yellow head.

Size: attains at least 18 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs.

Depth: 10-20 m.

Known only from Isla Malpelo, Colombia.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 10 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=5; Southern limit=4; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-82; Latitudinal range=1; Longitudinal range=1.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Reef and soft bottom; Reef (rock &/or coral).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 18 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Island (s) only; TEP endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Malpelo Island endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1992., Deux nouvelles especes de Girelles (Labridae: Halichoeres) du Pacifique oriental tropical., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 19:47-52.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.


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