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Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell, 1835
Dusky-wrasse; Speckled Rainbowfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Halichoeres

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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Labridae  
 Genus Halichoeres  
  Halichoeres marginatus    Rüppell, 1835 
Provider: Chen, Li-Shu 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Halichoeres lamarii Halichoeres notopsis Halichoeres virescens Julis lamarii Julis notopsis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993) Fishbase(2006) Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea.. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p.
Name Code: 381971
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Halichoeres marginatus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

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Halichoeres marginatus
Halichoeres marginatus
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0170 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Halichoeres marginatus
Halichoeres marginatus
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0171 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell , 1835

Dusky wrasse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Halichoeres marginatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Halichoeres marginatus (Dusky wrasse) Halichoeres marginatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Rüppell .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 1602 ).   Tropical; 31°N - 33°S, 33°E - 124°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Inhaca Island, Mozambique (Ref. 4392 ) and east to the Hawaiian (1 specimen) and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and Austral Islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 7.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4392 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 12 - 13. Juveniles are black with numerous longitudinal white streaks (Ref. 1602 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs, along the upper edges of coral-rich areas (Ref. 9710 , 58534 ). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302 ). May be solitary or found in small group (Ref. 90102 ). Juveniles are encountered in exposed outer reef flats (Ref. 1602 ). Feed on a wide variety of small invertebrates as well as fish eggs.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Pelagic spawner. Females migrate to spawning sites, larger females travel long distances to downcurrent areas than smaller ones to protect the eggs from becoming prey to larger reef fishes (Ref. 32198 ). Spawning sites are chosen by the females irregardless of the males occupying them (Ref. 32198 ). Females spawn in more than one spawning site, each site occupied by more than one male, which are either territorial or non-territorial (Ref. 32198 ). After spawning, they return individually to their home ranges without passing through other spawning sites (Ref. 32198 ). Some females on the other hand change sex after spawning (Ref. 32198 ). As males, they begin to establish territories in the spawning sites, even to those they visited before the sex change (Ref. 32198 ). This observation support the suggestion (Warner's 1985, 1986) that females stored information on spawning sites by migrating to various sites which aided in the acquisition of a mating territory after changing sex (Ref. 32198 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene , 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 25 March 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
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Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
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Swim. type
Gill area


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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.3 (based on 3073 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00610 - 0.01884), b=3.14 (2.99 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.2   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.7). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

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