Main identification features
Moderately elongate, somewhat compressed; teeth: 1 pair of projecting, recurved canines at front of each jaw, remaining 13-18 teeth on each side of jaw conical, recurved; dorsal fin IX,12; anal III, 12; pectoral 14 rays; tail 14 principal rays, with 12 branched; lateral line continuous, abruptly bent under rear of dorsal fin, with 27 scales; 4 scale rows above and 8 rows below lateral line, 16 scale rows around base of tail.
- initial phase white + 2 red stripes
- terminal phase : olive + dark stripe + tail fin - dark border
Initial phase: white with 2 salmon colored stripes - 1 from snout, through the eye to end of caudal peduncle, a narrower one along the mid-dorsal line, from head to tail base; 2 prominent black spots, one at the operculum, the other on the tail base; fins mainly clear; juveniles have a similar color, but with a black and white ocellus on the middle of the dorsal fin; Terminal phase: upper half olive, an indistinct darker stripe along mid-flank; cheeks yellow behind eye, with dark blotch on rear of operculum; iris red; tail orange, with outer 1/3 charcoal.
Size: 12 cm.
Habitat: rubble and sand.
Depth: 5-35 m.
Endemic to Isla del Coco.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 35 m.
Depth Range Min: 5 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=6; Southern limit=6; Western limit=-88; Eastern limit=-87; Latitudinal range=1; Longitudinal range=1.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Sand & gravel; Rocks; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef and soft bottom.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 12 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); TEP endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Cocos Island endemic; All species.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;
- Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 2002., Halichoeres salmofasciatus, a new species of wrasse (Labridae) from Isla del Coco, tropical eastern Pacific., Aqua, 5:65-72.
- Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.