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Hemanthias signifer (Garman, 1899)
DAMSEL BASS
Hookthroat Bass

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Hemanthias

Hemanthias signifer
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hemanthias signifer

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Overview
Main identification features
  • pink; head: yellow stripe + spots
  • dorsal fin 3rd spine very long
  • c: outer rays longest
  • hook under throat
Body elongate, compressed; adults with pointed, hook-like spine at front of throat where joins base of gill arches; 33-38 rakers on first gill arch; dorsal with X spines, 3rd long, filamentous, 13-14 rays; anal III, 7-9; pectoral 18-20 rays; pelvics long; tail weakly forked, outer rays longest in adults and juveniles; 59-69 scales on lateral line; 7-8 scale rows between lateral line and 5th dorsal spine.

Head, body and fins pink; yellow stripe from snout under eye, can extend to edge opercle; yellow spots on upper operculum; sometimes yellow spots on lower flank; dorsal and anal pink, yellow margin; tail pink, upper and lower margins yellow; pelvics pink, yellow tips; pectoral yellowish.

Size: 42 cm.

Habitat: demersal on rocky reefs.

Depth: 25-305 m.

Southern California and the lower 3/4 of the Gulf of California to northern Peru and Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 305 m.
Depth Range Min: 25 m.
Diet: zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=34; Southern limit=-6; Western limit=-119; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=40; Longitudinal range=41.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 42 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1998., Clave para identificar los peces marinos del Peru., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 44(2 Ed.):1-387.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Fitch, J.E., 1982., Revision of the eastern north Pacific Anthiin basses (Pisces: Serranidae)., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., (339):1-8.
  • García-Rodríguez , F. J. and Aurioles-Gamboa, D., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la diversidad íctica en la Bahía de La Paz por … lobo marino de California, Zalophus californianus californianus. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:151-162.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hemanthias signifer (Garman , 1899)

Damsel bass Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Hemanthias signifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Hemanthias signifer (Damsel bass) Hemanthias signifer
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: Hemanthias: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, anthis = a fish, Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Garman .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 23 - 306 m (Ref. 9342 ).   Subtropical; 34°N - 19°S, 120°W - 70°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Playa del Rey in southern California, USA to Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 42.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9342 ); max. published weight: 680.00 g (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

A sharp spine projecting anteriorly from ventral border of urohyal (Ref. 40817 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Probably forms schools and lives near the bottom in deep waters (Ref. 9342 ). Of some commercial importance in zones where it is abundant (Ref. 9342 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann , 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 01 May 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 13 - 21.4, mean 15.2 (based on 78 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Torres, Armi G. Modified by Froese, Rainer Fish Forum
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