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Heniochus monoceros Cuvier, 1831
MASKED BANNERFISH
Three-banded Bull-fish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Chaetodontidae   Heniochus


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/c3dfb725-6f87-45be-a249-8c03ae7cddbf/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/c3dfb725-6f87-45be-a249-8c03ae7cddbf/
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Chaetodontidae  
 Genus Heniochus  
  Heniochus monoceros    Cuvier, 1831 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Heniochus monoceras Taurichthys monoceros   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body oval, deep, strongly compressed. Head length about equal to head height; a pair of bony knobs is on the forehead; preopercle smooth, without prominent spines. Snout short. Small protractile mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws. Dorsal fin with XII spines, fouth dorsal spine prolonged as a tapering white filament; and 24 to 27 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 18 to 19 soft rays; pectoral fins transparent with 16 to 17 soft rays; pelvic fins with I stout spine and 5 branched rays; caudal fin rounded to slightly emarginate. Body white with three broad black bandds, the first from nape encompassing most of front part of head, the second across front of body and continuous with black pelvic fins, and the oblique third from middle of back to rear of anal fin; dorsal and caudal fins yellow. 
Habitat: Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs with rich coral growth at depths of 3 to 20 m. Juveniles solitary; adults are often paired and occasionally found hovering side by side under tabular corals. Feeds on bottom living animals. 
Distribution: Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales and Tonga. Widely around coral reefs in Taiwan. 
Utility: Marine aquarium fish.  
Name Code: 381612
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Heniochus&speciesname=monoceros ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Heniochus-monoceros.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Heniochus-monoceros.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Heniochus-monoceros.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

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Heniochus monoceros Cuvier , 1831

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Heniochus monoceros   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Heniochus monoceros (Masked bannerfish) Heniochus monoceros
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Chaetodontidae (Butterflyfishes)
Etymology: Heniochus: Greek, enioi, -ai, -a = sometimes, some + Greek, oche = food (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 30874 ).   Tropical; 32°N - 32°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales and Tonga.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5372 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-27; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 17 - 19.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in lagoon and seaward reefs with rich coral growth. Juveniles solitary; adults are often paired and occasionally found hovering side by side under tabular corals (Ref. 1602 ). Feed on bottom living animals (Ref. 6113 ), e.g. invertebrates associated with algal zones (Ref. 5503 ). Oviparous (Ref. 205 ). Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205 ). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Steene, R.C. , 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. & A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia. vol. 1. 144 p. (Ref. 4859 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.3 (based on 3917 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01259 - 0.03162), b=3.05 (2.91 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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