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Hippocampus alatus Kuiter, 2001
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Syngnathidae   Hippocampus

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hippocampus alatus Kuiter , 2001

Winged seahorse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hippocampus alatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Hippocampus alatus (Winged seahorse) Hippocampus alatus
Picture by Zuberbuhler, T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335 ) ;   alatus: From the Latin for winged, in reference to the paired spines on the superior trunk ridges that are directed outward and have broad dermal flaps resembling wings.

This species is a synonym of Hippocampus spinosissimus Weber, 1913 according to Lourie et al., 2016 (Ref. 115213 ). This species record will be removed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 10 - 80 m (Ref. 42735 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: northern Australia (including Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia) and southeastern Papua New Guinea. Also from the Philippines and Indonesia. International trade is monitored through a licensing system ( CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies. Formerly classified as vulnerable in the 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species (Ref. 36508 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.7 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 42735 ); 13.6 cm OT (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-18; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 4. Dorsal fin rays usually 17; trunk rings 11; tail rings 34-36; subdorsal spines 2-3/0-0.5,1,0-0.5, usually enlarged on 11th trunk ring; nose spine absent; spine above eye of moderate length, reaching pupil diameter; lateral head spine large, usually larger than spine above eye; coronet well developed, with 5-7 blunt spines, apex rough and rugose; upper shoulder-ring spine at gill opening; lower shoulder-ring spine low and thick, very broad when single or divided into two rounded tips; superior trunk and tail ridges with enlarged spines, forming laterally directed pairs at regular intervals with 2-3 on trunk and 3-4 on tail, greatly produced in young and least prominent in males; long and sometimes broad dermal flaps, often frilled along edges, on nape, lateral head spines, and enlarged body spines, usually attached posteriorly and just below tip; lateral line with pores on each trunk ring, running just above inferior ridge, continuing on tail to 12th-15th ring (Ref. 42735 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit soft bottom (Ref. 42735 , 75154 ) of the continental shelf (Ref. 75154 ). Maximum length is based on a straight-line length measurement from upper surface (ignoring spines) of first trunk ring, to tip of tail (Ref. 42735 ). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205 ). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kuiter, R.H. , 2001. Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Rec. Aus. Mus. 53:293-340. (Ref. 42735 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated

Updated: 2020-01-25 12:01:34 gmt
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