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Hirundichthys rondeletii (Valenciennes, 1847)
Blackwing Flyingfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Exocoetidae   Hirundichthys

Hirundichthys rondeletii
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Hirundichthys rondeletii

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Main identification features
  • dorsal fin origin over anal fin origin
  • pectoral - 1st 2 rays unbranched
  • pectoral black + clear edge
Slender; snout pointed, shorter than eye; head small (<1/3 length of pectoral); pectoral reaching past anal base, 1st two rays unbranched, 16-19 rays; no branch of lateral line to origin of pectoral; pelvic origin nearer anal origin than pectoral base, reaching past anal origin; anal origin before 3rd dorsal ray; top jaw not protrusible; sides of roof of mouth with teeth; dorsal fin low, 10-12 rays; anal 11-13 rays, origin under or slightly behind dorsal origin; 27-32 scales before dorsal fin; juvenile without chin barbels.

Body dark iridescent blue above, silvery below; pectoral black, with narrow clear rear margin; dorsal and tail fins dusky, other fins clear; in juveniles the dorsal fin is clear with a dark outer blotch and the paired fins are black.

Size: 32 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic.

Depth: surface, 0-20 m.

Circumsubtropical, off California to southern Baja, in the SE Gulf of California, off southern Panama, Ecuador to Chile, Cocos and the Galapagos.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Antitropical (North and South temperate); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=32; Southern limit=-29; Western limit=-117; Eastern limit=-72; Latitudinal range=61; Longitudinal range=45.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); TEP non-endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 32 cm.
Regional Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); California + Peruvian provinces, primarily; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Surface; Near Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Cuvier , G. and Valenciennes, A., 1847., Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-neuvieme. Suite du livre dix-neuvieme. Brochets ou Lucioides. Livre vingtieme. De quelques familles de Malacopterygiens, intermediaires entre les Brochets et les Clupes., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 19:i-xix + 1-544 + 6pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versiˇn 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .á Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservaciˇn Internacional.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.


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Hirundichthys rondeletii, Black wing flyingfish : fisheries
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hirundichthys rondeletii ( Valenciennes , 1847 )

Black wing flyingfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Hirundichthys rondeletii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Exocoetidae (Flyingfishes)
Etymology: Hirundichthys: latin, hirundo = swift; 1300 + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Valenciennes .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 122940 ). Subtropical; 43°N - 34°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Subtropical waters of all oceans. Eastern Atlantic: occasional to Spain and English Channel, western Mediterranean (a separate population migrates to the southeastern part in winter), Portugal to Mauritania and from south of Namibia; also off the Cape, South Africa (Ref. 2797 ). Possibly in Ascension I. (Ref. 98447 ). Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and Bermuda to southern Brazil (Ref. 7251 ). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251 ); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 10 - 13; Vertebrae : 45 - 47. This species is distinguished by the following characters: elongated body is nearly rectangular in cross-section, almost flat ventrally, its depth 6.2 to 7.9 times in standard length (SL); 45-47 vertebrae; 25-30 predorsal scales; scales in transverse row 6 to 7.5, usually 6.5; the head 4.2-5.2 times in SL: eye 3.1-3.3 times in head; subequal jaws; jaw teeth conspicuous, conical; no palatine teeth; gill rakers on first arch 25-31; dorsal fin low, with 10-12 rays; anal fin with 10-13 rays, originating slightly before, or 1-2 rays behind dorsal-fin origin; pectoral fins 1.3-1.4 times in SL and with 16-18 rays, first 2 rays unbranched; pelvic fins 2.8-3.4 times in SL, inserted slightly nearer to posterior margin of opercle than origin of caudal fin base: juveniles without barbel (Ref. 109257 ). Colour of body dark, iridescent blue above, silvery white below; dorsal and caudal fins greyish, other fins hyaline (Ref. 2797 ); pectoral fins black without unpigmented cross-band and with a narrow light outer margin; pelvic fins usually without black spot (Ref. 109257 ); juveniles elongate, paired fins black (Ref. 2797 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits oceanic surface waters. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface (Ref. 3720 ). Feeds on zooplankton (Ref. 109257 ). Eggs with bunch of filaments opposed by a single filament on opposite pole (Ref. 6523 ). Reported to have no importance to fisheries (Ref. 109257 ). Depth assumed from ecology data.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Parin, Nikolay V. | Collaborators

Carpenter, K.E. and N. De Angelis (eds.) , 2016. The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 1 ( Elopiformes to Scorpaeniformes ). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO. pp. 1511-2350. (Ref. 109257 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 01 May 2008


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 15.2 - 27.8, mean 24.5 °C (based on 1598 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00292 - 0.01429), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.0   ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 330 [106, 676] mg/100g; Iron = 2.03 [0.91, 4.71] mg/100g; Protein = 18 [16, 20] %; Omega3 = 0.254 [0.100, 0.741] g/100g; Selenium = 11.3 [4.2, 31.0] ╬╝g/100g; VitaminA = 18.8 [4.8, 87.1] ╬╝g/100g; Zinc = 1.01 [0.62, 1.68] mg/100g (wet weight);

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Updated: 2024-04-25 04:27:15 gmt
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