D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp

Hoplitis micheneri Mitchell, 1962
Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Megachilidae   Hoplitis
Subgenus: Robertsonella

Click on map for details about points.

Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1962 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 152.

FEMALE�Length 7-8 mm.; entirely black; face considerably longer than distance between eyes above; eyes slightly convergent below; lateral ocelli slightly nearer each other than to eyes, still nearer margin of vertex; clypeus very slightly convex, apical margin somewhat produced, practically straight, mandibles only slightly broadened apically, distinctly tri- dentate, median tooth only slightly nearer apex than to inner angle; cheeks slightly broader than eyes; wings subhyaline basally, becoming faintly infuscated apically, stigma brownish-piceous, veins more brownish-testaceous; tegulae shining, piceous, with punctures hardly evident; legs entirely black, spurs pale yellow; pubescence entirely pale, rather short and thin, but quite copious around antennae, on face below, and over much of thorax, the dorsal pubescence elongate but very thin; abdominal terga 1-4 with narrow, whitish, apical fasciae, these widely interrupted medially on 1 and 2, usually entire on 3 and 4, 5 only sub-fasciate, discal pubescence exceedingly short and inconspicuous, hardly visible on the more basal terga, but becoming quite dense and subappressed on tergum 6, apical margin on 6 very slightly reflexed and shelf-like; scopa entirely yellowish-white; punctures quite deep and distinct, rather coarse and close in general, very close and somewhat finer on most of face, including vertex, becoming densely crowded on clypeus, close and fine on cheeks, but lower surface shining and impunctate, the two areas separated by a row of long, curled, whitish hairs directed toward the hypostome; scutum and scutellum shining between deep and distinct punctures, these finer and rather sparse in center of scutum, otherwise quite close, almost crowded on pleura; propodeum dull and tessellate, punctures very shallow and indefinite; abdominal terga shining, punctures minute and sparse on terga 1 and 2 medially, becoming close at extreme sides, somewhat coarser and closer on 3 and 4, uniformly fine and close on 5 and 6.

MALE�Length 6-8 mm.; entirely black; face considerably longer than distance between eyes above; eyes slightly convergent below; antennal scape slender and rather short, not much if any exceeding diameter of flagellum, pedicel completely exposed, flagellar segments slender and simple, considerably longer than broad; lateral ocelli subequally distant from eyes and each other, somewhat nearer margin of vertex; clypeus slightly convex, apical margin slightly produced, nearly straight, disc covered with relatively elongate, erect, whitish pubescence; labrum shining, rather flat and unmodified, median length somewhat less than basal width; mandibles bi-dentate; cheeks subequal in width to eyes; wings subhyaline, veins and stigma brownish-testaceous; tegulae shining, piceous to black, with minute, scattered punctures; legs entirely black, spurs pale yellow; tergum 7 exposed apically, margin rather broadly rounded, with a slight, subapical impression; sterna 1-5 exposed, apical margin of 2 broadly outcurved, with a low but distinct, subapical ridge, 2 with a quite deep, median emargination which is conspicuously fringed, 4 nearly straight apically, 6-8 retracted, form as shown (fig. 25); genital armature as shown; pubescence entirely pale, rather thin in general, somewhat more copious over head and thorax, rather dense on lower half of face and on cheeks below; abdominal terga 1-5 white fasciate apically, these interrupted medially, but dense at sides; punctures rather fine but deep and distinct over most of head and thorax, densely crowded over most of head, but lower surface of cheeks shining and more minutely punctate and more densely pubescent; scutum and scutellum shining, punctures slightly separated in center of discs, otherwise rather close, quite close over most of pleura, becoming rather sparse on a limited area just beneath wing base; propodeum dull and tessellate, punctures indistinct; abdominal terga 1-5 shining, punctures minute and quite sparse medially, becoming somewhat closer on the more apical terga, rather close at sides, even on basal tergum; tergum 6 rather closely but irregularly punctate.

TYPES�Holotype: Male, Douglas Co., Kans., May 11, 1949 (R. H. Beamer, on Amorpha fruticosa). Allotype: topotypical [both Univ. Kans.]. Paratypes: 6 ♂♂, 1 ♀, topotypical 3 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, Miami Co., Kans., May 20 & 27, and June 1, 1951 (C. D. Michener, on Amorpha fruticosa); 2 ♀♀, 5 mi. south and 6 mi. SW of Lawrence, Kans., June 10 & 12, 1950 (C. B. Michener and J. R. White, on Amorpha fruticosa); 1 ♂, Hamilton, Ga., May 19, 1931 (P. W. Fattig). Paratypes are in collections of the University of Kansas, the U. S. National Museum and the author.

The author is indebted to C. B. Michener not only for the material upon which the description of micheneri is based, but for critical observations concerning the characters, distribution and correlation of the sexes in the related species of Robertsonella.
Extracted from Neff J. Hym. Res. 18: 151-166

Distribution.—USA: Florida (Jackson, Suwannee); Georgia (Cobb, Fulton, Hamilton): Kansas (Douglas, Miami, Riley); Missouri (Shannon, Stoddard); North Carolina (Richmond).

While sometimes locally abundant, (indicated by multiple collections from Suwannee Co., Florida), this bee appears to be rare with a possibly disjunct distribution. Populations are known from Kansas and Missouri and the southeastern U.S. (Florida, Georgia and North Carolina) (Fig. 1). Originally known only from Kansas and Georgia (Mitchell 1962), newer records from Missouri, North Carolina and Florida suggest additional fieldwork may eliminate the current disjunction in its distribution. Available floral records for females indicate it is specialist on Amorpha fruticosa (L.) (Fabaceae), a widespread shrub of the eastern U. S. It has repeatedly been collected on A. fruticosa in Kansas and Missouri and pollen analysis of the females from Florida collected at a nest site indicated scopal loads of nearly pure A. fruticosa pollen. Other floral records include Rubus (Rosaceae) and Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall. (Fabaceae). Hoplitis micheneri, like other Robertsonella, is a vernal bee with flight records from 16 April (in Florida) to 13 June (in Missouri). Labels from a series of females from Suwannee River State Park, Florida collected by L. Stange stated they were ‘‘around small holes in old trees’’, suggesting this species utilizes small preexisting holes for its nests.

Females are about the same size as Hoplitis simplex (HW 5 2.19 6 0.11 mm, 1.84–2.44, n533; BL 5 7.31 6 0.52 mm, 6.16–8.48, n 5 25) and are easily separated from other Robertsonella by having T1 shining with the punctures very fine and sparse. Males have the same pattern of facial pubescence as H. nemophilae but are about the same size as H. simplex (HW 5 1.94 6 0.05 mm, 1.79–2.20, n 5 10 in H. micheneri vs. 1.92 6 0.10 mm, 1.68–2.12, n 5 66 in H. simplex). Males are distinctive in having S3 deeply emarginate (Fig. 5) [emargination of S3 very shallow and obscure in

Scientific source:

Supported by

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Fabaceae  Amorpha fruticosa @ BBSL (1); CUIC_ENT (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Updated: 2024-04-21 18:07:06 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation