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Hyles livornica (Esper, 1780)
STRIPED HAWK-MOTH
Hyles koechlini (Fuessly, 1781); Hyles malgassica (Denso, 1944); Hyles renneri Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998; Hyles saharae (Gehlen, 1932); Hyles tatsienluica (Oberthr, 1916); Hyles lineata sensu auctt nec Fabricius, 1775; Striped Hawkmoth

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Hyles livornica (Esper, 1780)

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FAMILY Sphingidae
SUBFAMILY Macroglossinae
GENUS Hyles
SPECIES livornica
AUTHOR (Esper, 1780)
ORIGINAL COMBINATION Sphinx livornica
TYPE LOCALITY Italy.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Lectotype ♀, designated by H. Hacker (1999d: 453), MWNH; Paralectotypes 1♂, 3♀, MWNH.
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Esper E. J. C. 1778-1786. Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Die Abendschmetterlinge. - — 2:1-234, pls. 1-36.
PAGINATION 88, 196; pl. 8, fig. 4 Bhl

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
koechlini (Fuessly, 1781) Synonym of species
malgassica (Denso, 1944) Synonym of species
renneri Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998 Synonym of species
saharae (Gehlen, 1932) Synonym of species
tatsienluica (Oberthür, 1916) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Algeria Hoggar and Tassili Rothschild W. 1915a. On the Lepidoptera collected in 1913-1914 by Herr Geyr von Schweppenburg on a journey to the Hoggar Mountains (Sahara). - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8) 16(94):247-258; (95): 392-402. 249
Bahrain   Wiltshire E. P. 1964. The Lepidoptera of Bahrain. - Journal of the Bombay natural History Society 61(1):119-141, pls 1-3. 131
Burkina Faso   Prost A. 1986. Liste provisoire des Sphingidae de Haute-Volta (Lep.). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 90 (1985)(9-10):xxi-xxiv. xxii (as lineata)
Cameroon   Darge Ph. 1973b. Lépidoptères Attacidae et Sphingidae récoltés dans le Nord Cameroun par M. le Docteur G. Nonveiller. - Annales de la Faculté des Sciences du Cameroun 1973(12):55-62. 61
Cape Verde São Vicente Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1-36. 17
Cape Verde Santo Antão Bauer E. & Traub B. 1980. Zur Macrolepidopterenfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. Teil 1: Sphingidae und Arctiidae. - Entomologische Zeitschrift 90:244-248. 247
Cape Verde Fogo Bauer E. & Traub B. 1980. Zur Macrolepidopterenfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. Teil 1: Sphingidae und Arctiidae. - Entomologische Zeitschrift 90:244-248. 247
Cape Verde Boavista Tennent W. J. & Russell P. J. C. 2015. Notes on some hawk-moths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) from the Cape Verde Islands. - Zoologia Caboverdiana 5(2):105-110. 109
Cape Verde Santiago Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1-36. 17
Cape Verde Sal Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1-36. 17
Cape Verde Brava Aurivillius C. 1910b. Schmetterlinge gesammelt in Westafrika von Leonardo Fea in den Jahren 1897-1902. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Ser. 3) 4:494-530. 497
Cape Verde Maio Tennent W. J. & Russell P. J. C. 2015. Notes on some hawk-moths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) from the Cape Verde Islands. - Zoologia Caboverdiana 5(2):105-110. 109
Cape Verde São Nicolao Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. - In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225-229. 227
Chad Tibesti Heppner J. B. 2008. Tibestei: Pleistocene refugium of the Sahara and its Lepidoptera. - Lepidoptera Novae 1(3-4):61-84. 75
Comoros Grande Comore (Ngazidja) Turlin B. 1996b. Faune lépidoptérologique de l'Archipel des Comores (Océan Indien), (Rhopalocères, Sphingidae, Attacidae) (9). - Lambillionea 96(2):329-339. 337
Congo   Le Ru B. 2022. Contribution à la connaissance des Sphinx de la République du Congo (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). - Saturnafrica 30:27-47, pls 1-2. 46
Eritrea   Le Cerf F. 1924a. Contribution à la faune des Lépidoptères de l'Erythrée. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 93:193-210. 210
Ethiopia   Strand E. 1911d. Tagfalter und Schwärmer aus Abyssinien, gesammelt von Herrn A. Kostlan. - Archiv für Naturgeschichte 77(1 (suppl. 3)):87-94. 94
Gabon   Basquin P. & Pierre J. 2004. Complément à la connaissance des Sphinx du Gabon (Lep. Sphingidae). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 109(1):91-92. 92
Gambia     R. Goff
Kenya   Carcasson R. H. 1968. Revised catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with descriptions of the East African species. - Journal of the East Africa Natural History and National Museum 26(3):1-148, pls 1-17. 112
Lesotho   Kopij G. 2006. Lepidoptera fauna of Lesotho. - Acta zoologica cracoviensia 49B(1-2):137-180. 159
Madagascar   Mabille P. 1880a. Recensement des Lépidoptères Hétérocères observés jusqu'à ce jour à Madagascar. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France (5) 9 (1879):291-348. 296 (as lineata)
Mali   Eitschberger U. & Müller G. 2014b. Beitrag zur Sphingidae-Fauna von Zentralmali, Nordwest-Afrika (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). - Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 70:208-212. 211
Mauritania   Rungs Ch. 1945. Missions Marocaines d'études des Acridiens migrateurs. Resultats scientifiques. VII. Contribution à la connaissance des lépidoptères du Sahara Nord-Occidental. - EOS, Revista Española de Entomología 21(1):7-43. 18
Mozambique   Bąkowski M., László M. & Takano H. 2020. A contribution to the knowledge of the Sphingidae fauna of Mozambique. - Ecologica Montenegrina 35:45-77. 70
Namibia   Grünberg K. 1910c. Lepidoptera. - In: Schultze L.: Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise in westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. - Denkschriften der medizinisch naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 16(4):1-370, pls 1-12 [Chapter pagination: 91-146]. 99
Nigeria   Delf B. H. & Harris K. M. 1964. Notes on Nigerian hawkmoths. - The Nigerian Field 29(4):150-160. 153
Oman   Wiltshire E. P. 1985b. New Heterocera from Oman (with a revised list of the moths known from the Musandam Peninsula). - Journal of Oman Studies 7:39-48. 43
Rwanda     P. Basquin
Saudi Arabia   Wiltshire E. P. 1952a. Lepidoptera recently taken in Arabia. - Bulletin of the Society Fouad I Entomology 36:135-174, pl. 1. 152
Somalia   Druce H. 1900. Lepidoptera Heterocera. - In: Peel, C. V. A., On a collection of insects and arachnids made in 1895 and 1897 by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F. Z. S., in Somaliland with descriptions of new species. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1900(1):4-63, pls. 1-4. 20
South Africa Mpumalanga van den Berg M. A., Vermeulen J. B., Braack H. H. & Braack A. L. 1975. Pylstertmotte (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) van die Nasionale Krugerwildtuin. - Koedoe 18(1):13-29. 26
South Africa   Walker F. 1856b. List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part VIII.- Sphingidae. - — 8:i-iv, 1-271. 165
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Händel J. 1998. Kommentiertes Verzeichnis der Sphingiden der Afrika-Expeditionen des Museums für Naturkunde Berlin - ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Schwärmerfauna des südlichen Afrika (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). - Entomologische Zeitschrift 108:377-384. 382
South Africa Gauteng Buckle A. S. 1908. Notes on a collection of Lepidoptera from Aden and from the Transvaal. - The Entomologist 41(536):7-10. 10
South Africa Eastern Cape Möschler H. B. 1884. Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-fauna des Kaffernlandes. - Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 33 (1883):267-310, pl. 16. 287
Sudan   Warren W. & Rothschild W. 1905. Lepidoptera from the Sudan. - Novitates Zoologicae 12:21-33, pl. 4. 22
Tanzania   Carcasson R. H. 1968. Revised catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with descriptions of the East African species. - Journal of the East Africa Natural History and National Museum 26(3):1-148, pls 1-17. 112
Uganda   Carcasson R. H. 1968. Revised catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with descriptions of the East African species. - Journal of the East Africa Natural History and National Museum 26(3):1-148, pls 1-17. 112
United Arab Emirates   Legrain A. & Wiltshire E. P. 1998. Provisional checklist of the Macro-Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of the UAE. - Tribulus 8(2):5-8. 6
Western Sahara   Rungs Ch. 1945. Missions Marocaines d'études des Acridiens migrateurs. Resultats scientifiques. VII. Contribution à la connaissance des lépidoptères du Sahara Nord-Occidental. - EOS, Revista Española de Entomología 21(1):7-43. 18
Yemen   Butler A. G. 1884b. On a collection of Lepidoptera made by Major J. W. Yerbury at or near Aden. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1884:478-503, pl. 46. 494
Yemen Socotra Carcasson R. H. 1968. Revised catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with descriptions of the East African species. - Journal of the East Africa Natural History and National Museum 26(3):1-148, pls 1-17. 112

Notes:   Palaearctic: Algeria, Azores, Canary Islands, China, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Madeira, South Europe. Migratory species.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Undefined Undefined polyphagous South Africa Distant W. L. 1903. Insecta Transvaaliensia: a contribution to a knowledge of the Entomology of South Africa. Order Lepidoptera. Suborder Heterocera. - — :49-96, pls iii-viii. 71
Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia elegans   Walsingham Thomas de Grey & Hampson G. F. 1896. On moths collected at Aden and in Somaliland. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1896(1):257-283, pl. 10. 268
Xanthorrhoeaceae Bulbine asphodeloides South Africa Taylor J. S. 1949. Notes on Lepidoptera in the Eastern Cape Province (Part 1). - Journal of the entomological Society of Southern Africa 12(1):78-95, 2 pls. 86
Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe striata South Africa Taylor J. S. 1949. Notes on Lepidoptera in the Eastern Cape Province (Part 1). - Journal of the entomological Society of Southern Africa 12(1):78-95, 2 pls. 86
Polygonaceae Rumex sp. Saudi Arabia Walker D. H. & Pittaway A. R. 1987. Insects of Eastern Arabia. - — :1-95. 52-53
Polygonaceae Calligonum comosum Tunisia Dumont C. 1926b. Les chenilles du Calligonum comosum, L'Héritier. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 31(19):221-224. 222
Xanthorrhoeaceae Asphodelus sp. Saudi Arabia Walker D. H. & Pittaway A. R. 1987. Insects of Eastern Arabia. - — :1-95. 52-53
Xanthorrhoeaceae Asphodelus fistulosus Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81-90. 88
Polygonaceae Emex spinosa Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81-90. 88
Boraginaceae Trichodesma africanum Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81-90. 88
Xanthorrhoeaceae Asphodelus tenuifolius Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81-90. 88
Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia helenae Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81-90. 89
Plantaginaceae Misopates orontium Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81-90. 89
Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia sp. Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91-97. 95
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia hirta Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91-97. 95
Caprifoliaceae Valeriana officinalis South Africa Taylor J. S. & Cresswell E. E. 1940. Notes on some South African Lepidoptera. - Journal of the entomological Society of Southern Africa 3(1):179-191. 180
Polygonaceae Calligonum sp. Saudi Arabia Walker D. H. & Pittaway A. R. 1987. Insects of Eastern Arabia. - — :1-95. 52
Vitaceae Vitis sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Xanthorrhoeaceae Bulbine sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Polygonaceae Rumex sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Portulacaceae Portulaca sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Rosaceae Prunus sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Rubiaceae Galium sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Rubiaceae Oldenlandia sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Plantaginaceae Antirrhinum sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)
Caprifoliaceae Valeriana sp. East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1976. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 35(311):94-100; (313) 177-195. 178 (as lineata)

*    On the buds, flowers and green seed-capsules (see J. S. Taylor 1949: 86).

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