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Ichthyapus ophioneus (Evermann and Marsh, 1900)
SURF EEL
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Ophichthidae   Ichthyapus


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Ichthyapus ophioneus, Surf eel
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Common name (e.g. trout)

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Ichthyapus ophioneus ( Evermann & Marsh , 1900 )

Surf eel Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Ichthyapus ophioneus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Ichthyapus ophioneus (Surf eel) Ichthyapus ophioneus
Picture by AFSCUS

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Ichthyapus: Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek, a = without + Greek, pous = feet .  More on authors: Evermann & Marsh .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 35 m, usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 5288 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Bahamas to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands; also northern South America (Ref. 5217 ). Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena Island (Ref. 4455 ) and Ascension (Ref. 86997 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5288 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Burrows in sand in surf areas.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray , 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 25 July 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.8 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 744 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00052 - 0.00302), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 69.5 [40.7, 118.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.619 [0.402, 0.972] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.4, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.131 [0.062, 0.339] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.5 [26.2, 87.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.3 [11.9, 134.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.2 [0.9, 1.7] mg/100g (wet weight);

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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