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Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw &. Nodder, 1792)
SAILFISH
Bayonet Fish; Bayonet-fish; Indo-Pacific Sailfish; Istiophorus gladius Bloch, 1793; Istiophorus orientalis Temminck and Schlegel, 1842; Istiophorus pulchellus Cuvier, 1832; Histiophorus orientalis Temminck and Schlegel, 1844; Histiophorus pulchellus Cuvier, 1832; Istiophorus ludibundus Whitley, 1933; Scomber gladius Bloch, 1793; Xiphias platypterus Shaw and Nodder, 1792; Pacific sailfish

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Istiophorus platypterus
© Copyright Mark Conlin, 2006 · -3
Istiophorus platypterus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • 1st dorsal fin : large long sail
  • pelvics very long, thin
A tall, long-based, sail-like dorsal fin with 42-49 rays and small second dorsal fin with 6 or 7 rays; 2 anal fins, the first with 12-17 rays and second with 6-7 rays; pectoral rays 18-20; pelvic fins extremely long, almost reaching anus, depressible into a groove; sword round.

Dark blue dorsally, light blue blotched with brown laterally, and silvery white ventrally; about 20 rows of vertical bars on sides, each composed of many light blue round spots; membrane of first dorsal fin dark blue or blackish blue, with scattered, small black spots; remaining fins blackish brown to dark blue.

Size: grows to 360 cm; all-tackle world record 100.24 Kg.

Habitat: coastal and oceanic pelagic.

Depth: 0-30 m.

Indo-Pacific in tropical and temperate seas; southern California to the lower 3/4 of the Gulf of California to Peru and the oceanic islands.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 30 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: Pelagic crustacea; bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=40; Southern limit=-40; Western limit=-124; Eastern limit=-73; Latitudinal range=80; Longitudinal range=51.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 360 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Acero, A. and Franke, R., 2001., Peces del parque nacional natural Gorgona. En: Barrios, L. M. y M. Lopéz-Victoria (Eds.). Gorgona marina: Contribución al conocimiento de una isla única., INVEMAR, Serie Publicaciones Especiales No. 7:123-131.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1996., Peces óseos comerciales del Parque Gorgona, Pacífico colombiano (Osteichthyes: Muraenesocidae, Hemiramphidae, Belonidae, Scorpaenidae, Triglidae, Malacanthidae, Gerridae, Sparidae, Kyphosidae, Sphyraenidae e Istiophoridae)., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:763-770.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Graves , J. E. and McDowell, J. R., 1995., Inter-ocean genetic divergence of istiophorid billfishes., Marine Biology, 122:193-203.
  • Grove , J.S. and Lavenberg, R. J., 1997., The fishes of the Galápagos islands., Stanford University Press:863 pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Joseph , J. , Klawe , W. and Murphy, P., 1988., Tuna and Billfish - fish without a country., Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission:69.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Nakamura,., 1985., Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO species catalogue Vol. 5., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 125.
  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Shaw , G. and Nodder, F. P., 1813., The Naturalist's Miscellany, or coloured figures of natural objects; drawn and described from nature. London., Naturalist's Misc., :unnumbered pages.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » SCOMBROIDEI (Suborder) » ISTIOPHORIDAE (Family) » Istiophorus Lacépède, 1801 (Genus) » Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw & Nodder, 1792)

Species Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw & Nodder, 1792)

Museums

Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB : 37444005 Taxon concept Istiophorus_platypterus last modified 2013-10-09 10:07:52.756

Species Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw & Nodder, 1792)

Sailfish , Bayonet Fish, Bayonet-fish, Indo-Pacific Sailfish, Pacific Sailfish


Compiler and date details

22 April 2013 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, & John R. Paxton & Matthew M. Lockett

20 December 2006 - Dianne J. Bray, Douglass F. Hoese & John R. Paxton

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

 

Introduction

Recent genetic studies indicate that Atlantic sailfishes ( I. albicans ) and Indo-Pacific sailfishes ( I. platypterus ) are a single species, referred to I. platypterus as the senior synonym. See Collette et. al. 2006 and references therein.

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

South-western WA (32°25'S) to eastern Bass Strait (39°S), also Rowley Shoals (17°29'S) and Scott Reef (14°06'S), WA, Christmas Island and Lord Howe Island; tropical, subtropical, occasionally entering temperate waters, circumglobal.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Timor Transition (1), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Lord Howe Province (14), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Christmas Island Province (23), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northwest Province (4), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7)

Other Regions

Territory of Ashmore & Cartier Islands

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Epipelagic, marine, oceanic province, pelagic.

Extra Ecological Information

Also found near continental coasts, islands and reefs.

 

General References

Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them . Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp. [283]

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [230]

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island . Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. [258]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers . Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [142] (945)

Collette, B.B., McDowell, J.R. & Graves, J.E. 2006. Phylogeny of recent billfishes (Xiphioidei). Bulletin of Marine Science 79 (3): 455-468 [465]

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [104, 141]

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. [64, 86]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5 : 145–329 [266] (as Istiophorus gladius and p. 267 as I. pulchellus )

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [115] (762, as I. orientalis )

Nakamura, I. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Billfishes of the world . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes, and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 5. Rome : FAO. 65 pp. 41 figs [25]

Nakamura, I. 2001. Xiphiidae, Istiophoridae. pp. 3757-3764 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3764]

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide . Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp. [55]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [441]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [441]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [48] (1432, as Istiophorus latibundus )

 

Common Name References

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes . Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. [177] (Bayonet-fish)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [115] (Bayonet Fish, Pacific Sailfish)

Nakamura, I. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Billfishes of the world . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes, and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 5. Rome : FAO. 65 pp. 41 figs [26] ( Sailfish )

Nakamura, I. 2001. Xiphiidae, Istiophoridae. pp. 3757-3764 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3764] (FAO) (Indo-Pacific Sailfish)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Sailfish )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-May-2013 15-May-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Istiophoridae  
 Genus Istiophorus  
  Istiophorus platypterus    (Shaw, 1792) 
Provider: Wei-Chuan Chiang 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Histiophorus dubius Histiophorus gladius Histiophorus immaculatus Histiophorus indicus Histiophorus orientalis Istiophorus amarui Istiophorus brookei Istiophorus dubius Istiophorus eriquius Istiophorus gladifer Istiophorus gladius details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: The body is elongated and fairly compressed. Bill long, slender and round in cross section. First dorsal fin sail-like, with the middle rays longest, remarkably higher than body depth at level of midbody. Pelvic fins extremely long, almost reaching anus. Caudal peduncle with double keels on each side and a shallow notch on both the dorsal and ventral surfaces. The lateral line is easily distinguishable, curving above the pectoral fin and then continuing in a straight line toward the tail. Body dark blue dorsally, light blue splattered with brown laterally, and silvery white ventrally. Bases of first and second anal fins often tinged with silvery white; membrane of first dorsal fin dark blue or blackish blue; with scattered small, round black dots; remaining fins blackish brown or dark blue. 
Habitat: The sailfish is an epipelagic and oceanic species usually found above the thermocline. Most densely distributed in waters close to coasts, islands and reef. The sailfish seems to spawn throughout the year in tropical and subtropical waters of the Pacific  
Distribution: The sailfish is highly migratory species, widely distributed in the tropical and temperate waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans. This species shows a strong tendency to come close to the shore, even though a few individuals have been caught in the cent 
Utility: The flesh is dark red. Utilized fresh, smoked and frozen; also used for sashimi and sushi; eaten broiled and baked. 
Name Code: 382687
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