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Lethrinus enigmaticus Smith, 1959
BLACKEYE EMPEROR
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Lethrinidae   Lethrinus


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lethrinus&speciesname=enigmaticus ---> http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lethrinus&speciesname=enigmaticus
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https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lethrinus&speciesname=enigmaticus ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/Lethrinus-enigmaticus.html
Lethrinus enigmaticus, Blackeye emperor : fisheries
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Lethrinus enigmaticus Smith , 1959

Blackeye emperor Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lethrinus enigmaticus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Lethrinus enigmaticus (Blackeye emperor) Lethrinus enigmaticus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Lethrininae
Etymology: Lethrinus: Greek, lethrinia, a fish pertaining to genus Pagellus .
More on author: Smith .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range ? - 50 m. Tropical; 3°S - 9°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: known only from the Seychelles. Has been synonymized with Lethrinus mahsena .

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 25.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295 ); common length : 32.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Body is yellowish bronze or gray, becoming lighter ventrally. Sometimes three bronze stripes are on the upper side. The head is gray, brown or sometimes bronze with a series of yellowish cross stripes on the upper portion of the head and snout. A light streak radiates from the eye to the anterior nostril. the lower edge of the orbit has dark purplish spots. The maxilla is reddish. The fins are pale, yellowish or bronze.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over seagrass beds, coral reefs and adjacent sandy areas. Feeds mainly on echinoderms, crustaceans, and fish, and to a lesser degree on mollusks. Smaller, more numerous females than males have been confirmed for the Saya de Malta population (Ref. 2295 ). Marketed fresh (Ref. 171 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen , 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 2295 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 28 January 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
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Ecology
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Common names
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Ecotoxicology
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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 25.8 - 28.2, mean 27.6 °C (based on 10 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00742 - 0.02950), b=2.99 (2.83 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.58 se; based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13-0.18). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 36.1 [26.0, 48.7] mg/100g; Iron = 0.737 [0.501, 1.016] mg/100g; Protein = 20.1 [17.5, 22.3] %; Omega3 = 0.122 [0.090, 0.163] g/100g; Selenium = 41 [21, 60] μg/100g; VitaminA = 36.5 [7.9, 195.4] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.12 [1.66, 2.64] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.

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Updated: 2024-07-15 21:43:33 gmt
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