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Lutjanus boutton (Lacepede, 1802)
MOLUCCAN SNAPPER
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Lutjanidae   Lutjanus


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Lutjanidae  
 Genus Lutjanus  
  Lutjanus boutton    (Lacepède, 1802) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Diacope bottonensis Holocentrus boutton Lutianus luzonius Mesoprion melanospilos   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body moderately deep. Snout somewhat pointed; eye large; preorbital bone narrow, its width much less than eye diameter; preopercular notch and knob well developed; vomerine tooth patch in a crescentic band without amedial posterior extension; tongue smooth, without teeth; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 13 to 15, total gill rakers on first gill arch 20 to 23. Dorsal fin with X or XI spines and 13 or 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and VIII soft rays; posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins rounded; pectoral fins with 16 or 17 rays; caudal fin emarginate. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally pink or reddish, white or silvery below. Usually a series of ten to twelve stripes on the side. Some specimens have black spot on the back below the anterior part of the soft dorsal fin. 
Habitat: Inhabits coral reefs. Often seen in schools near outcrops or drop-offs, often with other species, of up to about 30 to 40 individuals. Small juveniles on shallow algae reef, often near freshwater run-offs. Feeds on fishes, shrimps, crabs, other crustacean 
Distribution: Distributed in Indo-West Pacific from Sumatra to Samoa, north to southern Japan; also in the eastern Indian Ocean off northwestern Australia. It is a common species in Taiwan except western part. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382100
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lutjanus&speciesname=boutton ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Lutjanus-boutton.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Lutjanus-boutton.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Lutjanus-boutton.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Lutjanus boutton (Lacepède , 1802)

Moluccan snapper Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Lutjanus boutton   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Lutjanus boutton (Moluccan snapper) Lutjanus boutton
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 50 m (Ref. 9710 ).   Tropical; 35°N - 21°S, 93°E - 170°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Sumatra to Samoa, north to southern Japan. Apparently restricted to the western Pacific (Ref. 30829 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635 ); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Snout somewhat pointed. Eye large. Preorbital bone narrow, its width much less than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob well developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally pink or reddish, white or silvery below. Usually a series of ten to twelve stripes is on the side. Some specimens have black spot on the back below the anterior part of the soft dorsal fin.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coral reefs. Often seen in schools near outcrops or drop-offs, often with other species (Ref. 9710 ), of up to about 30 to 40 individuals. Small juveniles on shallow algae reef, often near freshwater run-offs (Ref. 48635 ). Feed on fishes, shrimps, crabs, other crustaceans, cephalopods and some planktonic items.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. , 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.3 - 29, mean 28.2 (based on 542 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.56 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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