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Melichthys vidua (Richardson, 1845)
Paddle-fin Trigger-fish; Paddlefin Triggerfish; Pink-tailed Triggerfish; White-tailed Trigger-fish; Balistes vidua Richardson, 1845

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Balistidae   Melichthys

Melichthys vidua
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Melichthys vidua

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Melichthys vidua
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Melichthys vidua

Main identification features
  • black body
  • dorsal, anal and tail fins : pinkish
Mouth a little above center; teeth notched; groove before eye, under nostrils; circular patch of bony plates behind gill slit; soft dorsal and anal high at front; cheeks scaly; scales on rear body and caudal peduncle with slight ridge; dorsal III,32-35; anal 28-31; pectoral 14-16; lateral line scales 28-32.

Body and head black; dorsal and anal reddish white with thin black borders; pectoral yellowish; tail base white, outer 2/3 pink.

Size: 40 cm.

Habitat: rocky and reef.

Depth: 0-60 m.

Indo-Pacific; resident in our region; at Clipperton, Cocos, Galapagos and western Panama.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 60 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: Pelagic crustacea; octopus/squid/cuttlefish; benthic microalgae; zooplankton; sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa; bony fishes; detritus; pelagic fish larvae.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=11; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-110; Eastern limit=-82; Latitudinal range=13; Longitudinal range=28.
Egg Type: Benthic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 40 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Mid Water; Near Bottom; Near Surface; Bottom + water column;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Garrison, G., 2000., Peces de la Isla del Coco., Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad:393.
  • Grove , J.S. and Lavenberg, R. J., 1997., The fishes of the Galápagos islands., Stanford University Press:863 pp.
  • Osburn , R. C. and Nichols, J. T., 1916., Shore Fishes Collected by the 'Albatross' Expedition in Lower California with Descriptions of New Species., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35:139-181.
  • Richardson, J., 1845., Ichthyology.--Part 3. In R. B. Hinds (ed.) The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur, under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher, R. N., C. B., F. R. G. S., etc., during the years 1836-42, No. 10., Smith, Elder & Co.:.
  • Smith , M. M. and Heemstra, P., 1986., Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg: Macmillan South Africa. 1047 pp., Macmillan South Africa:1047pp.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/e39158b2-fd82-4c0f-9ee8-8f10147c6937 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/e39158b2-fd82-4c0f-9ee8-8f10147c6937
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://taibnet.sinica.edu.tw/eng/taibnet_species_detail.php?gen=Melichthys&spe=vidua

Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Melichthys&speciesname=vidua ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Melichthys-vidua.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Melichthys-vidua.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Melichthys-vidua.html
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't locate object method "new" via package "LWP::Protocol::https::Socket" https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Melichthys-vidua.html

Updated: 2021-04-17 01:48:47 gmt
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