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Merluccius polli Cadenat, 1950
BENGUELA HAKE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Merlucciidae   Merluccius


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Merluccius&speciesname=polli ---> http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Merluccius&speciesname=polli
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Merluccius polli, Benguela hake : fisheries
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Merluccius polli Cadenat , 1950

Benguela hake Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Merluccius polli   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Merluccius polli (Benguela hake) Merluccius polli
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Merlucciidae (Merluccid hakes)
Etymology: Merluccius: Latin, mar, maris = the sea + Latin, lucius = pike (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; non-migratory; depth range 50 - 1248 m (Ref. 112558 ), usually 50 - 550 m (Ref. 58452 ). Deep-water; 29°N - 19°S, 19°W - 15°E (Ref. 58452 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: off the coast of tropical West Africa, from Mauritania to Angola. Range reported to extend to off southwest Africa near Cape Frio, Namibia (Ref. 6524 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 44.4   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371 ); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 45-52. Head large and little depressed. Pectoral fin tips usually reaching the origin of anal fin in small but not in large individuals. Scales easily shed. Color usually blackish on back, steel gray to blackish on belly; caudal fin white-edged.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds mainly on small fishes and partly on squids and shrimps (Ref. 1371 ). Marketed mostly fresh and frozen, also used for fishmeal and oil (Ref. 1371 ). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 1371.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba , 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 12 July 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 7.3 - 19.8, mean 14.2 °C (based on 93 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00243 - 0.00821), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.5   ±0.63 se; based on food items. Generation time: 2.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.39(?); assuming tm>=2). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100). Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649 ):  High vulnerability (58 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 11.3 [5.5, 40.8] mg/100g; Iron = 0.351 [0.069, 0.938] mg/100g; Protein = 17.3 [16.0, 18.5] %; Omega3 = 0.158 [0.081, 0.306] g/100g; Selenium = 28.7 [12.1, 62.7] μg/100g; VitaminA = 9.7 [1.9, 42.7] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.203 [0.137, 0.312] mg/100g (wet weight);

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Updated: 2024-04-17 19:08:26 gmt
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