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Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede, 1802)
LARGEMOUTH BASS
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Centrarchidae   Micropterus

Micropterus salmoides, Largemouth Bass
© Copyright Nate Daniels 2014 · 1
Micropterus salmoides, Largemouth Bass

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède , 1802)

Largemouth black bass Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Micropterus salmoides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Micropterus salmoides (Largemouth black bass) Micropterus salmoides
Picture by Scarola, J.F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Micropterus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek,pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335 ) ;   salmoides: salmoides meaning trout-like (Ref. 1998 ) .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - ?; depth range ? - 7 m (Ref. 1998 ).   Subtropical; 10°C - 32°C (Ref. 12741 ); 46°N - 24°N, 125°W - 65°W (Ref. 89798 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from southern Quebec to Minnesota and south to Gulf; Atlantic and Gulf drainages from North Carolina to Florida and to northern Mexico. The species has been introduced widely as a game fish and is now cosmopolitan. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 97.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798 ); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556 ); max. published weight: 10.1 kg (Ref. 4699 ); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 46974 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-14; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 10 - 12; Vertebrae : 30 - 32. Mouth large; maxillary extending beyond the eye. Pelvic fins not joined by a membrane. Green to olive dorsally, milk-white to yellow ventrally, with a black band running from the operculum to the base of the caudal fin. Caudal fin rounded. Caudal fin with 17 rays (Ref. 2196 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit lakes, ponds, swamps, and backwaters and pools of creeks, and small to large rivers (Ref. 86798 ). Usually found over mud or sand and common in impoundments (Ref. 5723 ). They prefer quiet, clear water and over-grown banks. Adults feed on fishes, crayfish and frogs; young feed on crustaceans, insects and small fishes. Sometimes cannibalistic. They don't feed during spawning; as well as when the water temperature is below 5°C and above 37°C (Ref. 30578 ). An introduced species in Europe reported to avoid fast-flowing waters and to occur in estuaries with a salinity up to 13 ppt (Ref. 59043 ). Popular game fish in North America. Preyed upon by herons, bitterns, and kingfishers (Ref. 1998 ). Excellent food fish (Ref. 1998 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

The male which becomes aggressive and territorial builds the nest on muddy bottoms of shallow water. A female may spawn with several males on different nests. The male guards and fans the eggs for about 29 days (Ref. 93240 ). Spawning takes place spring to summer or when temperature reaches 15°C. Adults mate between the age of 5-12 years (Ref. 11243 ). Also Ref, 88808).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr , 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums FAO(Aquaculture: production ; fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
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Diseases
Processing
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Swim. type
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Otoliths
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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00905 - 0.01212), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06-0.14; tm=3-5; tmax=16; Fec=2,000). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Torres, Armi G. Fish Forum
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