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Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792)
LEMON SOLE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Pleuronectidae   Microstomus


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Microstomus&speciesname=kitt ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Microstomus&speciesname=kitt
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Microstomus&speciesname=kitt ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Microstomus-kitt.html
Microstomus kitt, Lemon sole : fisheries, aquarium

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Microstomus kitt (Walbaum , 1792)

Lemon sole Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Microstomus kitt   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Microstomus kitt (Lemon sole) Microstomus kitt
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Microstomus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Walbaum .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 10 - 200 m, usually 10 - 150 m (Ref. 35388 ).   Temperate; 72°N - 43°N, 26°W - 45°E (Ref. 54592 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to the White Sea and off Iceland.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 31.5 , range 20 - 30 cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9988 ); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 6112 ); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 6112 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Small head and mouth. Body is oval. Skin is marbled and smooth. Lateral line almost straight, slight curve above the pectoral fin (Ref. 35388 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives most often on stony bottoms. Feeds on a variety of small invertebrates, but polychaetes seem to dominate. Apparently they do not feed in wintertime (Ref. 9900 ). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawning is mainly confined to depths of 55-91 m in the northwestern North Sea and commences at a minimum temperature of 6.5 °C in Scottish waters. Sex ratio is about 1:1, but females progressively predominate upon sexual maturity.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau , 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums FAO(fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 7.1 - 12.5, mean 9.9 (based on 1310 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00667 - 0.00862), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.2   ±0.33 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.08-0.42; tm=3-6; tmax=23). Prior r = 0.71, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.14, Based on 1 stock assessment. Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily Fish Forum
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