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Mirabilis laevis (Benth. ) Curran
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Nyctaginaceae   Mirabilis

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena auricoma @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Apidae  Anthophora californica @ UCRC_ENT (5)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ephedrus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Cicadellidae  Acinopterus angulatus @ UCR_ENT (4)

Acinopterus inornatus @ UCR_ENT (3)

Ceratagallia ( @ UCR_ENT (1)

Exitianus exitiosus @ UCR_ENT (4)

Laevicephalus cinerosus @ UCR_ENT (1)
Coreidae  Catorhintha @ UCR_ENT (9)
Miridae  Chlamydatus monilipes @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Dicyphus hesperus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Hoplomachidea consors @ AMNH_PBI (41)

Slaterocoris flavipes @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora oxybaphi @ BPI (1)

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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00304670 pbi_cal04l2h15
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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00304670 pbi-cal04l2h15b
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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00304670 pbi-cal04l2h15a
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MILA6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MILA6
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MILA6 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MILA6
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Mirabilis laevis (Benth.) Curran
desert wishbone-bush

General Information
Symbol: MILA6
Group: Dicot
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   





Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Nyctaginaceae – Four o'clock family
Genus Mirabilis L. – four o'clock
Species Mirabilis laevis (Benth.) Curran – desert wishbone-bush

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Mirabilis laevis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Mirabilis laevis</i>
(Benth.) Curran var. <i>
(Standl.) Munz
Mirabilis laevis var. cedrosensis
California four o'clock Distribution of <i>
Mirabilis laevis</i>
(Benth.) Curran var. <i>
(Choisy) Spellenb.
Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia
California four o'clock Distribution of <i>
Mirabilis laevis</i>
(Benth.) Curran var. <i>
laevis </i>
Mirabilis laevis var. laevis
desert wishbone-bush Distribution of <i>
Mirabilis laevis</i>
(Benth.) Curran var. <i>
(A. Heller) Jeps.
Mirabilis laevis var. retrorsa
wishbone-bush Distribution of <i>
Mirabilis laevis</i>
(Benth.) Curran var. <i>
(Kellogg) Spellenb.
Mirabilis laevis var. villosa

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (MILA6)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (MILA6)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 41, 47 , 48 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Nyctaginaceae | Mirabilis

9. Mirabilis laevis (Bentham) Curran, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 2. 1: 235. 1888.

Oxybaphus laevis Bentham, Bot. Voy. Sulphur, 44. 1844; Hesperonia laevis (Bentham) Standley

Stems decumbent to erect, few and clambering through other vegetation to many, and then usually forming densely leafy and compact clumps, 1.5-15 dm, herbaceous, suffrutescent, or woody basally, glabrous, scabrous, puberulent, or villous, often glandular. Leaves spreading; petiole 0.1-2.2 cm; blade ovate, deltate-ovate, ovate-rhombic, subreniform, 1-4(-5.5) × 0.5-3.5(-5) cm, fleshy to slightly succulent, base cordate, truncate, or broadly obtuse, apex acute, obtuse, or rounded, surfaces glabrous, scabrous, puberulent, or villous, often glandular. Inflorescences widely cymose, or ± thyrsoid, involucres clustered, and nearly sessile at ends of branches, or solitary in axils on peduncles 3-12 mm; involucres 3-7 mm, lobes narrowly to broadly triangular, or triangular-lanceolate, base 30-50% of height. Flowers 1(-2) per involucre; perianth white, pink, or shades of purple, 1-1.6 cm. Fruits gray, dark brown, or nearly black, often mottled with dark brown or black, with or without 10 pale, diffuse lines, ovoid, obovoid, or nearly spheric, 3-5.5 mm, smooth or moderately rugose.

Varieties 4 (3 in the flora): w United States, nw Mexico.

Mirabilis laevis is a complex of poorly differentiated forms that differ to a greater or lesser extent primarily by perianth color, pubescence, and habit, characteristics that show imperfect geographic consistency. In general, white-flowered plants occur in arid areas east of the southern California mountains, and magenta-flowered plants occur west of the mountains; in the arid regions viscid-pubescent plants occur to the south, less viscid plants to the north. Sympatry and intergradation are frequent in the southern Sierra Nevada, southward along the east side of the southern California mountains, and on the northern portion of the peninsula of Baja California. The variety laevis , which is glabrous or glabrate, is restricted to the immediate coast and islands in the vicinity of Bahía Magdalena in Baja California Sur.

Updated: 2020-08-04 11:45:24 gmt
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