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Morus alba L.
WHITE MULBERRY
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Moraceae   Morus

Morus alba, White Mulberry
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Morus alba, White Mulberry

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Morus alba, White Mulberry
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Morus alba, White Mulberry
Morus alba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Morus alba

Morus alba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Morus alba
Morus alba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Morus alba

Morus alba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Morus alba
Morus alba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Morus alba

Morus alba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Morus alba
Morus alba
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Morus alba

Morus alba, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Morus alba, bark - of a large tree
Morus alba, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Morus alba, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Morus alba, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Morus alba, fruit - as borne on the plant
Morus alba, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Morus alba, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Morus alba, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Morus alba, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Morus alba, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Morus alba, leaf - whole upper surface

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma millepunctata @ BPI (1)

Phoma mori @ BPI (1)

Phoma @ 1102329A (1); 1102329B (1)
Aleyrodidae  Tetraleurodes mori @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Encarsia citrina @ UCRC_ENT (39)

Pteroptrix @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Bionectriaceae  Dendrodochium hymenuloides @ BPI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria dothidea @ BPI (1)

Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Dichomera saubinetii @ BPI (1)

Diplodia cacaoicola @ BPI (1)

Diplodia mori @ 369847B (1); 369856B (1); 369850A (1); 369856A (1); 369850B (1); BPI (24); 369847A (1)

Diplodia moricola @ BPI (3)

Dothiorella @ 521606C (1); 521606A (1); 521606B (1)

Macrophoma minuta @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta berlesiana @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta moricola @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta morifolia @ 353658A (1); 353658B (1)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis mori @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis moricola @ BPI (4)

Sphaeropsis sepulta @ BPI (5)

Sphaeropsis tumefaciens @ 1102362A (1); 1102362B (1)
Coccidae  Coccus hesperidum @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium laeve @ BPI (1)

Corticium @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium maculans @ BPI (2)

Cylindrosporium mori @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe nomurai @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis moricola @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype asterostoma @ BPI (2)

Diatrype tumida @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella nitschkei @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (2)

Eutypa heteracantha @ BPI (1)

Eutypa ludibunda @ BPI (1)

Eutypella russodes @ BPI (2)

Eutypella @ BPI (3)
Dothideaceae  Bagnisiella australis @ BPI (1)

Dothidea sambuci @ BPI (7)
Elsinoaceae  Sphaceloma moricola @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Ovulariopsis moricola @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia corylea @ 606589A (1); 606589B (1); BPI (13)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (4)
Excipulaceae  Dinemasporium epixylon @ 393058B (1); 393058A (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea flavida @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum moricola @ BPI (1)

Glomerella mori @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Pezizella conchella @ BPI (1)

Pezizella cruenta @ BPI (1)
Hericiaceae  Hericium ramosum @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum subcarnaceum @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Acrostalagmus cinnabarinus @ BPI (3)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium mori @ BPI (1)
Leotiaceae  Microglossum shiraianum @ BPI (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium @ BPI (2)
Magnaporthaceae  Clasterosporium mori @ BPI (3)
Massariaceae  Massaria denigrans @ BPI (1)

Massaria epileuca @ BPI (5)

Massaria olivaceohirta @ BPI (1)

Massaria phorcioides @ BPI (1)
Massarinaceae  Massarina @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconium @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Micrutalis calva @ UDCC_TCN (6); NCSU (4)
Meruliaceae  Merulius tremellosus @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Cyrtorhinus lividipennis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora missouriensis @ BPI (1)

Cercospora moricola @ BPI (6)

Cercospora pulvinulata @ BPI (1)

Cercospora snelliana @ BPI (2)

Cercosporella maculans @ BPI (1)

Cercosporella mori @ BPI (6)

Mycosphaerella mori @ BPI (5)

Phloeospora maculans @ 387817B (1); BPI (30); 387817A (1)

Phloeospora mori @ BPI (11)

Phloeospora moricola @ BPI (3)

Septoria mori @ BPI (4)

Septoria moricola @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium lateritium @ BPI (8)

Fusarium maculans @ BPI (1)

Fusarium moricola @ BPI (1)

Fusarium urticearum @ BPI (3)

Fusarium @ BPI (2)

Gibberella moricola @ BPI (11)

Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (5)

Nectria pithoides @ BPI (2)

Nectria verrucosa @ BPI (7)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (9)
Orbiliaceae  Orbilia @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Tryblidiella mindanaoensis @ BPI (1)

Tryblidiella nigrocinnabarina @ BPI (2)
Phakopsoraceae  Cerotelium fici @ BPI (2)

Phakopsora fici-erectae @ BPI (1)
Platygloeaceae  Helicobasidium mompa @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum duriaeanum @ BPI (4)

Epicoccum neglectum @ BPI (2)

Macrosporium commune @ BPI (1)

Pleospora @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus ostreatus @ BPI (2)

Pleurotus @ BPI (2)
Polyporaceae  Favolus alveolaris @ BPI (1)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (4)

Fomes connatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes robustus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites platyphylla @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus hispidus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus munzii @ BPI (1)

Polyporus proteus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus squamosus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus @ BPI (4)

Poria livida @ BPI (1)

Poria versipora @ BPI (1)

Trametes corrugata @ BPI (2)

Trametes lactinea @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Pseudococcus longispinus @ MEMU_ENT (4)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Ciboria carunculoides @ BPI (7)

Ciboria shiraiana @ BPI (2)

Sclerotinia carunculoides @ BPI (6)

Sclerotinia shiraiana @ BPI (1)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium mompa @ BPI (2)

Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex cervino-gilvus @ BPI (1)

Irpex flavus @ BPI (2)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium @ BPI (3)
Trichocomaceae  Penicillium glaucum @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium mori @ BPI (13)

Aecidium moricola @ BPI (1)

Aecidium @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Valsa ambiens @ BPI (1)

Valsa mori @ BPI (1)

Valsa pusio @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia eschscholzii @ BPI (2)

Daldinia @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon hypomiltum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon tinctor @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia corticium @ BPI (2)

Sphaeria collecta @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria mori-rubrae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria moricola @ BPI (2)

Sphaeria olivaceohirta @ BPI (2)

Xylaria hypoxylon @ BPI (1)

Xylaria polymorpha @ BPI (3)
_  Aplosporella longipes @ BPI (12)

Aplosporella mori @ BPI (2)

Aplosporella valsoidea @ BPI (1)

Ascochyta morifolia @ BPI (1)

Botryodiplodia anceps @ BPI (5)

Botryodiplodia theobromae @ 521771B (1); 521774B (1); BPI (3); 521771A (1); 521774A (1)

Botryodiplodia @ BPI (2)

Creonectria purpurea @ BPI (1)

Creonectria verrucosa @ BPI (6)

Cryptosporium ferrugineum @ BPI (2)

Cryptosporium mori @ BPI (1)

Cryptosporium @ BPI (1)

Cryptovalsa nitschkei @ BPI (4)

Cryptovalsa rabenhorstii @ BPI (2)

Cryptovalsa @ BPI (1)

Dendrophoma longipes @ BPI (1)

Harpographium fasciculatum @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus centrifugus @ BPI (1)

Myxosporium diedickei @ BPI (2)

Nothopatella chinensis @ BPI (1)

Phloeoconis violacea @ BPI (4)

Physopella fici @ BPI (11)

Septogloeum mori @ BPI (1)

Spondylocladium mori @ BPI (2)

Thyrococcum sirakoffii @ BPI (2)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Moraceae | Morus

1. Morus alba Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 986. 1753.

White mulberry, Russian mulberry, silkworm mulberry, mûrier blanc, moral blanco

Morus alba var. tatarica (Linnaeus) Seringe; M . Tatarica Linnaeus

Shrubs or trees , to 15 m. Bark brown tinged with red or yellow, thin, shallowly furrowed, with long, narrow ridges. Branchlets orange-brown or dark green with reddish cast, pubescent or occasionally glabrous; lenticels reddish brown, elliptic, prominent. Buds ovoid, 4-6 mm, apex acute to rounded; outer scales yellow-brown with dark margins, glabrous or with a few marginal trichomes; leaf scars half round, bundle scars numerous, in circle. Leaves: stipules ovate to lanceolate, 5-9 mm, pubescent; petiole 2.5-5 cm, short-pubescent. Leaf blade ovate, often deeply and irregularly lobed, (6-)8-10 × 3-6 cm, base cuneate, truncate, or cordate, margins coarsely serrate to crenate, apex acute to short-acuminate; surfaces abaxially glabrous or sparingly pubescent along major veins or in tufts in axils of principal lateral veins and midribs, adaxially glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Catkins: peduncle and axis pubescent; staminate catkins 2.5-4 cm; pistillate catkins 5-8 mm. Flowers: staminate and pistillate on same or different plants. Staminate flowers: sepals distinct, green with red tip, ca. 1.5 mm, pubescent; filaments ca. 2.7 mm. Pistillate flowers: ovary green, ovoid, slightly compressed, ca. 2 mm, glabrous; style branches divergent, red-brown, 0.5-1 mm; stigma papillose. Syncarps red when immature, becoming black, purple, or nearly white, cylindric, 1.5-2.5 × 1 cm; achenes light brown, ovoid, 2-3 mm.

Flowering spring-summer. Disturbed areas, woodland margins, fencerows, dry to moist thickets; 0-1500 m; introduced; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Europe; native to e Asia.

Morus alba is sometimes planted and possibly naturalized in Arizona, California, and New Mexico. It is reported from Washington as a local escape.

Mulberry leaves provide the natural food for silkworms. Commercially cultivated mulberries are varieties of Morus alba ; they are prized as shade trees with edible fruits.

Morus alba and M . rubra are both highly variable and are often confused. Both species have deeply lobed to entire leaves and are variable in pubescence. Some individuals are intermediate in leaf pubescence, suggesting the possibility of hybridization.

Native Americans used infusions made from the bark of Morus alba medicinally in various ways: as a laxative, as a treatment for dysentary, and as a purgative (D. E. Moerman 1986.

Updated: 2022-10-01 02:12:43 gmt
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