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Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes, 1831)
Banded Goatfish; Gold-striped Goat-fish; Gold-striped Goatfish; Yellow-stripe Goatfish; Yellowfin Goatfish; Yellowstripe Goatfish; Mulloides vanicolensis Valenciennes, 1831; Mulloidichthys auriflamma Forsskål, 1775; Upeneus vanicolensis Valenciennes, 1831

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Mullidae   Mulloidichthys

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis

Click on map for details about points.


Main identification features
  • yellow stripe
  • yellow tail fin
  • gill rakers: 33
  • pectoral: 17 rays

Dorsal fin VIII + I, 8 (first dorsal spine minute, often imbedded); anal rays I-II, 6; pectoral rays 16-17 (usually 17), fin length 19.2-23.2% (average 21.1%) of standard length; barbel length 20-26% (average 22.9%) of standard length; gill rakers 31-36 (average 33); lateral line scales 36-42.

Body silvery white with a blue-edged yellow stripe along its center; tail and other median fins yellow.

Size: reaches 31 cm.

Habitat: rocky and Coral reefs and adjacent sand areas.

Depth: 2-115 m.

Widespread throughout the Indo-central Pacific. While it was not thought to occur in the tropical eastern Pacific its occurrence there was demonstrated by genetic analysis. Very similar to M. dentatus, but differs in having more pectoral fin rays, a slightly longer pectoral fin, slightly longer barbels and more gill rakers. These differences are so slight that in practice it is probably not possible to separate all individals of the two species when they are together at the same location.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 115 m.
Depth Range Min: 2 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=24; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-110; Eastern limit=-82; Latitudinal range=16; Longitudinal range=28.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Sand & gravel; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef and soft bottom.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 31 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Cuvier , G. and Valenciennes, A., 1831., Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome septime. Livre septime. Des Squamipennes. Livre huitime. Des poissons pharyngiens labyrinthiformes., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 7:1-531.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Stefien , C. A. , Randall , J. E. and Rosenblatt, R. H., 1994., Genetic and morphological divergence of a circumtropical complex of goatfishes: Mulloidichthys vanicolensis, M. dentatus, and M. martinicus., Pac. Sci., 48:44-56.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/dac9b5fb-b9ee-4e46-8747-cc6c8493adf5 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/dac9b5fb-b9ee-4e46-8747-cc6c8493adf5
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/dac9b5fb-b9ee-4e46-8747-cc6c8493adf5 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ac5ce634-d054-407b-bb80-e7208b22a38a;jsessionid=BE52A6273D002763C0E9B7D62D0993D6
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ac5ce634-d054-407b-bb80-e7208b22a38a;jsessionid=BE52A6273D002763C0E9B7D62D0993D6 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ac5ce634-d054-407b-bb80-e7208b22a38a;jsessionid=BE52A6273D002763C0E9B7D62D0993D6
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Mulloidichthys  
  Mulloidichthys vanicolensis    (Valenciennes, 1831) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Mulloides auriflamma Mulloides erythrinus Mulloides vanicolensis Mulloidichtys vanicolensis Pseudopeneus vanicolensis Pseudupeneus vanicolensis Upeneus vanicolensis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with a pair of slender barbels which reach posterior to rear margin of preopercle; snout not long; mouth small, maxilla not reaching front edge of eye; villiform teeth in a band in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 8 to 10 gill rakers on upper limb, 23 to 26 on lower limb (total 32 to 36). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII slender spines, and the second with 9 soft rays; anal fin with I spine and 7 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18. Lateral-line scales 33 to 36; 5 rows of scales between dorsal fins, and 11 or 12 rows along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body whitish to pink with a yellow stripe edged in pale blue on body at level of upper end of gill opening; no black spot within yellow stripe; barbels white to yellowish; fins yellow. 
Habitat: This occasionally schooling species inhabits sandy bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. In large inactive aggregations by day, dispersing to sand flats to feed at night. Sometimes mixes with blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira and shows bl 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in southern part. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382165
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Mulloidichthys&speciesname=vanicolensis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Mulloidichthys&speciesname=vanicolensis
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Mulloidichthys&speciesname=vanicolensis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Mulloidichthys-vanicolensis.html

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Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes , 1831)

Yellowfin goatfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Mulloidichthys vanicolensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Mulloidichthys: Latin, mullus = soft + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Valenciennes .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 113 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical; 33°N - 34°S, 32°E - 109°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, East Africa, Comoro Islands and Mascarenes, east to the Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Joseph Bonaparte Gulf (northern in front of Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe, Norfolk, Kermadec Islands, New Caledonia, Tonga and Gambier Islands (Ref. 86817 ). Reported from Easter Island (Ref. 89467 ). Records from Eastern Pacific in Mexico and Panama need further confirmation.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 24.0 , range 21 - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 ); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 7. Back red-orange, sides and belly whitish; yellow longitudinal band present; no dark blotch on under middle of 1st dorsal fin (Ref. 5405 ). All fins yellow (Ref. 48636 ). Head length 2.9-3.4 in SL, length of snout 2.2.-2.6 and barbel 1.2-1.5 in HL. Body depth 3.4-4.5 in SL. (Ref. 90102 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This occasionally schooling species inhabits sandy bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, coastal and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710 , 90102 ). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302 ). In large inactive aggregations by day, dispersing to sand flats to feed at night (Ref. 9710 ). Sometimes mixes with blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira and shows blue stripes (Ref. 48636 ). Feeds on small worms and crustaceans. Also caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213 ). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Myers, R.F. , 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
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Gill area


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Internet sources

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.3 - 28.9, mean 27.7 (based on 1376 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00650 - 0.01537), b=3.04 (2.91 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.50 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.20-0.97). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

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