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Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker, 1854
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Myliobatidae   Myliobatis

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Myliobatiformes  
 Family Myliobatidae  
 Genus Myliobatis  
  Myliobatis tobijei    Bleeker, 1854 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Mobula tobijei Myliobatis tobije   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Disc broad, its width nearly 1.7 in length; anterior margin slightly convex, posterior slightly concave. Snout broad, subtruncate with a cephalic fin in front. Eyes small, lateral, prominent. Spiracles twice long as eye. Nostrils large, confluent with mouth, free hind nasal valves fringed. Mouth transverse, little arched. Teeth in pavement, median 4 times wider than long. One dorsal fin, small rounded on upper margins, its insertion far behind the ventrals by a distance about twice its base. Ventrals short, broad, rounded behind. Pectorals extend forward to the side of head and end at the mouth corners. Tail long, slender, with two serrated spine behind dorsal. Specimen in formalin black brown on the back. Lower surface whitish. Body smooth. 
Habitat: Found from the intertidal to the uppermost continental slope. A carnivore feeding on benthic animals. Ovoviviparous. 
Distribution: Japan, China, Taiwan. 
Name Code: 383169
  IUCN Red List:DD       Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Myliobatis&speciesname=tobijei ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Myliobatis&speciesname=tobijei
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Myliobatis&speciesname=tobijei ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Myliobatis-tobijei.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker , 1854

Japanese eagle ray Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myliobatis tobijei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Myliobatis tobijei (Japanese eagle ray) Myliobatis tobijei
Picture by The Fish Database of Taiwan

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays) > Myliobatinae
Etymology: Myliobatis: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, + Greek, batis,-idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Bleeker .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 220 m (Ref. 9862 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Japan, Korea, Okinawa Trough, China, and South China Sea marginal to the Western Central Pacific (where status is uncertain); Philippines (probably conspecific with Japanese forms (Ref. 47737 ); Indonesia (Ref. 5978 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 65 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9862 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A common inshore and offshore species, demersal in intertidal habitats to depths of at east 220 m (Ref.58048). Found from the intertidal to the uppermost continental slope (Ref. 9862 , 11230 ). A carnivore feeding on benthic animals. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449 ). Caught occasionally by inshore, demersal longline fisheries. Utilized for its meat and cartilage (Ref.58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen , 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. (Ref. 9137 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 29 June 2007

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Updated: 2020-05-25 18:03:39 gmt
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