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Narcine leoparda Carvalho, 2001
LEOPARD ELECTRIC-RAY
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Narcinidae   Narcine

Narcine leoparda
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Narcine leoparda

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Overview
Main identification features
  • dark + white spots/ocelli
  • c: white spots
Elongate, oval to rounded disc that is about as wide as long; electric organ beside eye, originating just before front of eye; pectorals slightly overlapping front of pelvic fins; tail shorter than disc; spiracles without papillae on rims; 1 pair of nasal openings; second dorsal fin usually slightly larger than first; lateral folds on tail originate under first dorsal fin; tail fin angular, relatively tall, rear edge ~straight.

Upper surface red-brown with numerous small creamy white round to oval spots and/or pale-centered ocelli that are not fused into irregular blotches, most of these spots may be lost in large specimens; dorsal and tail fins with white spots; lower surface cream, with a light brown edge in larger specimens.

Size: 36 cm.

Habitat: found on soft bottoms.

Depth: 5-33 m.

Known only from southern Colombia.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 33 m.
Depth Range Min: 5 m.
Diet: bony fishes; mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=5; Southern limit=2; Western limit=-79; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=3; Longitudinal range=1.
Egg Type: Live birth; No pelagic larva; No pelagic phase.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 36 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Carvalho, M. R., 2001., A new species of electric ray, Narcine leoparda, from the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Narcinidae)., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 114(3):561-573.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Updated: 2023-01-29 20:14:38 gmt
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