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Neoniphon sammara (Forsskal, 1775)
SLENDER SQUIRRELFISH
Armed Squirrel-fish; Blood-spot Squirrel-fish; Javelin Squirrel-fish; Sammara Squirrelfish; Spotfin Squirrelfish; Neoniphon armatus Castelnau, 1875; Neoniphon hasta De Vis, 1884; Sciaena sammara Forsskal, 1775

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Holocentridae   Neoniphon

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/48a7613e-0b7b-4cb7-98cd-919a9538bd5f/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/48a7613e-0b7b-4cb7-98cd-919a9538bd5f/
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beryciformes  
 Family Holocentridae  
 Genus Neoniphon  
  Neoniphon sammara    (Forsskål, 1775) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Flammeo sammara Holocentrum sammana Holocentrum sammara Holocentrus rubrofuscus Holocentrus sammara Kutaflammeo sammara Labrus angulosus Sciaena sammara   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); Fishbase(2008)
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 11-13 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 7-8 soft rays. Pinkish silvery above, silvery below; a dark red to black spot on each scale. Reddish stripe along LL. Outer margin of caudal lobes and anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reddish; pectoral fins pale pink, pelvic fins white. 
Habitat: This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral. Most common Neophion found in shallow areas. Feeds on small fishe 
Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility: commercial species, edible. 
Name Code: 380922
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Neoniphon&speciesname=sammara ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Neoniphon-sammara.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Neoniphon-sammara.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Neoniphon-sammara.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål , 1775)

Sammara squirrelfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Neoniphon sammara   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Neoniphon sammara (Sammara squirrelfish) Neoniphon sammara
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Neoniphon: Greek, neos = new + Greek, niphon = to snow (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Forsskål .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 46 m (Ref. 9710 ).   Tropical; 30°N - 32°S, 31°E - 123°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 15.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 ); common length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9948 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines : 4; Anal soft rays : 7 - 8. Pinkish silvery above, silvery below; a dark red to black spot on each scale. Reddish stripe along LL (Ref. 4201 ). Outer margin of caudal lobes and anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reddish; pectoral fins pale pink, pelvic fins white (Ref. 4201 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral (Ref. 9710 ). Most common Neophion found in shallow areas (Ref. 9710 ). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302 ). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 30573 ), small crabs, and shrimps at night. Venomous spine at the corner of its preopercle. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9948 ). Solitary (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and P.C. Heemstra , 1986. Holocentridae. p. 415-427. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4201 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2334 )




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial; bait: usually FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 954 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.01057 - 0.02489), b=2.99 (2.86 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 2.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.5). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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