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Helostoma temminkii Cuvier, 1829
KISSING GOURAMI
Helostoma temminckii; Helostoma temmincki

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Helostomatidae   Helostoma


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Helostoma temminckii Cuvier , 1829

Kissing gourami Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Helostoma temminckii (Kissing gourami) Helostoma temminckii
Picture by Nilsson, K.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Helostomatidae (Kissing gourami)
Etymology: Helostoma: Greek, helo = nail + Greek, stoma = mouth (Helos has the "e" long) (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; potamodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 2 - ? m.   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672 ); 16°N - 6°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Thailand to Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in lakes and rivers (Ref. 56749 ). An air-breathing species (Ref. 118402 ). Prefers slow-moving water with thick vegetation. Feeds on a variety of plants and animals, including green algae and zooplankton (Ref. 6459 ) as well as aquatic insects near the water surface (Ref. 12693 ). Utilized fresh for steaming, pan-frying, broiling and baking (Ref. 9987 ); also processed as dried or salted fish; ripe ovaries are collected and separately eaten (Ref. 56749 ). Large quantities of small fish are exported for aquarium use in Japan, Europe, North America, Australia and other parts of the world (Ref. 9987 ). Very popular with aquarists due to its habit of sucking its lips and kissing other fishes, plants and other objects (Ref. 4833 ). Aquarium keeping: not recommended for home aquariums; minimum aquarium size 150 cm (Ref. 51539 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawning usually occurs under floating vegetation. Eggs hatch in a day and fry become free-swimming 2 days after.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. , 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 2013 (Suppl. 27):1-663. (Ref. 94476 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 15 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: highly commercial FAO(Aquaculture: production ; fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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Tools

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Special reports

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.8   ±0.33 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm<=1; Fec=40,000). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Torres, Armi G. Fish Forum
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