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Notarius planiceps (Steindachner, 1877)
FLATHEAD SEA CATFISH
Thick-lip sea-catfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Ariidae   Notarius

Notarius planiceps
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Notarius planiceps

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Overview
Main identification features
  • head: narrow and pointed, central groove wide, shallow
  • mouth small, round; very thick lips
Dorsal rays I,7; anal rays 18; pectoral rays I,10-11; total gill rakers on first arch 11-13; body robust; mouth narrow ( 2.4- 3.1 in head), rounded; lips thick; head shield coarsely granular; head narrow, pointed; dorsomedian groove shallow and tapered posteriorly; palate teeth in four patches, but the inner patches may be joined to the larger outer ones, thus appearing as only two large, somewhat triangular patches, separated at midline; adipose fin base about same length as dorsal fin base.

Grey to bronzy greenish on back and upper sides, whitish below; fins dusky.

Size: reaches at least 35 cm.

Habitat: common in the mouths of rivers.

Depth: 0-60 m.

El Salvador to Panama.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 25 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes; mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=14; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-90; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=6; Longitudinal range=12.
Egg Type: Brooded; No pelagic larva; No pelagic phase.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Estuary; Mud; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom only; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 60 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Non Marine.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Betancur-R., R., 2003., Filogenia de los bagres marinos (Siluriformes: Ariidae) del nuevo mundo., Universidad Nacional de Colombia: 123pp.
  • Betancur-R., R., Acero, A., 2004., Description of Notarius biffi n. sp. and redescription of N. insculptus (Jordan and Gilbert) (Siluriformes: Ariidae) from the eastern Pacific, with evidence of monophyly and limits of Notarius., Zootaxa, 703:1-20.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., A review of the siluroid fishes found on the Pacific coast of tropical America, with descriptions of three new species., Bull. U.S. Fish Comm., 2:34-54.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Rojas , J. R. , Castro , M. and Pizarro, J. F., 1994., Epoca de desove, fecundidad y morfología en cinco especies ícticas (Pisces: Ariidae) e manglar en Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42:751-754.
  • Rojas , J. R. , Pizarro , J. F. and Castro, M.V., 1994., Diversidad y Abundancia íctica en tres áreas de manglar en el Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42:663-672.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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