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Ophichthus apachus McCosker and Rosenblatt, 1998
THIN SNAKE-EEL
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Ophichthidae   Ophichthus

Ophichthus apachus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Ophichthus apachus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • very slender, compressed;tail 75 percent total length
  • tan + fine dots; head pores in dark rings
  • pectoral long, slender
Body very slender and elongate, compressed; head ~7-8% of total length; snout short, blunt, rounded when viewed from above; tail 75% of total length; dorsal fin origin ranging from slightly before to slightly after tip of pectoral fin; pectorals long, slender; rear nostril a hole above top lip, covered by a flap extending below mouth; a small tentacle between front and rear nostrils; teeth small, numerous, close-set, in 2 rows on jaws, 1 row on roof of mouth.

(Preserved specimen) Tan, sides dusted with dots, denser above; chin with a dark smudge; pores on head in thin dark rings, those on lateral line unmarked.

Size: reaches over 60 cm.

Habitat: benthic on soft bottoms.

Depth: 0-8 m.

Mexico (Tres Marias Islands) to Colombia.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 8 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish; bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=22; Southern limit=4; Western limit=-107; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=18; Longitudinal range=29.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Mud.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 60 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1998., A revision of the Eastern pacific snake-Eel genus Ophichthus (anguilliformes: Ophichthidae) With the Description of Six New Species., Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 50:397-432.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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