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Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker, 1857
LONGNOSE HAWKFISH
Long-nose Hawkfish; Long-nosed Hawkfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cirrhitidae   Oxycirrhites

Oxycirrhites typus
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Oxycirrhites typus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • snout very long
  • dorsal fin spines with cirri, deep notches between them
  • red stripes and bars
Dorsal rays X, 13; anal rays III, 7; lower 5 or 6 pectoral rays unbranched; lateral-line scales 51-53; 4 rows of large scales above lateral line in middle of body; palate teeth absent; body depth 4.4-4.6 in standard length; snout extremely long, its length about 2.0 in head; 2-4 cirri near tip of each dorsal spine; cirri before eye; preoperculum strongly serrate; operculum with 1 fat spine.

Whitish with horizontal and vertical red bands forming a cross-hatch pattern.

Size: to 13 cm.

Habitat: generally seen perched on gorgonians or black coral at depths below 20 m, although associates with small gorgonians in as little as 5 m of water at some eastern Pacific sites.

Depth: 5-100 m.

Widely distributed in the Indo- Pacific; the tip of Baja and the SW and central eastern Gulf of California to Colombia, as well as the Revillagigedos, Galapagos and Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 100 m.
Depth Range Min: 5 m.
Diet: zooplankton; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); Pelagic crustacea.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=28; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=30; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 13 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Aburto-Oropeza , O. and Balart, E. F., 2001., Community structure of reef fish in several habitats of a rocky reef in the Gulf of California., Marine Ecology, 22:283-305.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Bleeker,., 1857., Achtste bijdrage tot de kennis der vischfauna van Amboina., Acta Soc. Sci. Indo-Neerl., 2:1-102.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J. L. , Balart , E. F. and Arvizu-Martínez, J., 1995., Contribución al conocimiento del origen y distribución de la ictiofauna del Golfo de California, México., Hidrobiologica, 5:57-78.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1986., Notas sobre la ictiofauna de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia., Boletin Ecotropica. Univ. Bog. Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 13:86-112.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1990., Ictiofauna Indopacifica asociada a los corales de la Isla de Gorgona., Revista de Ciencias, 2:97-105.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Oxycirrhites typus, Longnose hawkfish : aquarium
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Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker , 1857

Longnose hawkfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Oxycirrhites typus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Oxycirrhites typus (Longnose hawkfish) Oxycirrhites typus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Cirrhitidae (Hawkfishes)
Etymology: Oxycirrhites: Greek, oxys = sharp + Latin, cirrus = curl (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Bleeker .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 90102 ), usually 25 - ? m (Ref. 90102 ). Tropical; 32°N - 23°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa (Ref. 11228 ) to the Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to northern Colombia and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 9289 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9289 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 7.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits steep outer reef slopes exposed to strong currents where it lives in large gorgonians and black corals (Ref. 3921 ). Benthic (Ref. 58302 ). Common below 25 m (Ref. 90102 ). Feeds on small benthic or planktonic crustaceans. The suggestion that this species lays demersal eggs (Ref. 3921 ) is questionable. Pelagic spawning has been observed for this species from field observations (Ref. 26305 ). Monogamous (Ref. 52884 ), strongly territorial (Ref. 26305 ). Uncommon to rare in most areas (Ref. 9710 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 52884 ). Actual spawning lasts about 1-2 seconds while ascending a distance of less than 0.25 m (Ref. 26305 ). Courtship and spawning behavior is similar to that described for other species: 1) courtship commences just before or after sunset with spawning after sunset; 2) successive courtship and spawning by the male in social groups containing one or more females; 3) courtship and spawning at a site common to both male and female or at a site located within the female's home area; 4) pelagic spawning with a rapid but relatively short ascent into the water column by both male and female; 5) return of the male and female to resident corals afte spawning. Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Myers, R.F. , 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 03 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 24.9 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 1414 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.37 se; based on food items. Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100). Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 105 [53, 159] mg/100g; Iron = 0.701 [0.422, 1.155] mg/100g; Protein = 18.2 [17.1, 19.2] %; Omega3 = 0.106 [0.063, 0.182] g/100g; Selenium = 36.7 [17.2, 71.8] μg/100g; VitaminA = 123 [40, 367] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.92 [1.30, 2.67] mg/100g (wet weight);

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