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Paraclinus monophthalmus (Gunther, 1861)
ONE-EYED BLENNY
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Paraclinus monophthalmus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Paraclinus monophthalmus

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Paraclinus monophthalmus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Paraclinus monophthalmus
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • nape cirrus: small triangle
  • d: last element = ray, border white
  • black blotch top operculum
  • anal fin dark, white margin
Dorsal rays XXVIII to XXX, 1; anal rays II, 19-21; pectoral rays 11-14; lateral-line scales 36-40; a distinct spine on upper opercle; cirri present on nostril, above eye, and on nape; nape cirrus a narrow triangular flap; gap between bases of dorsal spines 3 and 4 equal to or greater than distance between dorsal spines 1 and 3; first dorsal spine moderately elevated; membrane between 3rd and 4th dorsal spines usually attached well below midpoint of 4th spine.

Greyish with faint dark bars on side; a black spot on upper part of gill cover; dorsal fin with broad white margin and ocellus on rear half; anal fin dark, with thin white margin.

Size: attains 8.5 cm.

Habitat: relatively rare, found in shallow weedy areas.

Depth: 0-5 m.

El Salvador to Panama.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 5 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=14; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-89; Eastern limit=-79; Latitudinal range=6; Longitudinal range=10.
Egg Type: Benthic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Macroalgae; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 8.5 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Günther, A., 1861., Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gobiidae ...[thru]... Notacanthi., Brithish Museum (Natural History)3:1-586.
  • Günther, A., 1864., On some new species of Central American fishes., Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 14:227-232.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., List of Fishes now in the Museum of Yale College, Collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley, at Panama, with Descriptions of Three New Species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5:620-632.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., List of the fishes now in the museum of Yale College, collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley at panama, with descriptions of three new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):620-632.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. and Parr, T.D., 1969., The Pacific species of the clinid fish genus Paraclinus., Copeia, 1969(1):1-20.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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