FishBase | Search | All Living Things


Paraconger californiensis Kanazawa, 1961
CALIFORNIAN CONGER
Ringeye conger

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Congridae   Paraconger

Paraconger californiensis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Paraconger californiensis

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • FishBase

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on image to enlarge.
Paraconger californiensis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Paraconger californiensis
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • iris - dark ring; behind eye - dark blotch
  • dorsal fin and a: dark + white margins
  • tail ~2/3 total length
  • rear nostril: hole just before eye
  • lateral line has 38-46 scales pores before anus
Dorsal and anal fins well developed; snout rounded; anterior nostrils tubular, at tip of snout; posterior nostrils without tube, next to eye; mouth large, reaching below posterior part of eye; teeth in 1-2 rows, outer row compressed with pointed tips; upper edge of gill opening directly in front of upper edge of pectoral fin base; tail ~2/3 total length; pores in lateral line before anus 38-46; pectoral rays 15-18.

Generally pale tannish with white margin on dorsal and anal fins; iris with a dark ring; a dark blotch immediately behind eye.

Size: grows to at least 60 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 15-50 m.

The tip of Baja and the southern 2/3 of the Gulf of California to northern Peru, the Revillagigedos,and the Galapagos and Cocos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California).
Depth Range Max: 50 m.
Depth Range Min: 15 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=30; Southern limit=-4; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=34; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Sand & gravel; Soft bottom only; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 60 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • González Navarro , E. and Saldierna Martínez, R., 1997., Zooplancton de la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S. (1990-1991). En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:43-58.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Kanazawa, R. H., 1961., Paraconger, a New Genus with Three New Species of Eels (Family Congridae)., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 113:1-42.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Raju, S. N., 1985., Congrid Eels of the Eastern Pacific and Key to their Leptocephali., NOAA Tech. Rept., \.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


Supported by
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Paraconger&speciesname=californiensis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Paraconger&speciesname=californiensis
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Paraconger&speciesname=californiensis

Updated: 2021-09-16 21:09:20 gmt
FishBase | Search | All Living Things | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation