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Paralabrax callaensis Starks, 1906
Southern rock-bass

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Paralabrax callaensis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Paralabrax callaensis

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Paralabrax callaensis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Paralabrax callaensis

Main identification features
  • head and body orange streaks and spots
  • d: 3rd spine longest, ~2x 2nd, soft part - convex end
  • pectoral long, rounded, yellowish
  • a: spines white
Body deep, compressed, back moderately elevated; head pointed; mouth large; preopercle finely serrated; pelvics inserted under or slightly behind pectoral base; snout profile nearly straight; lower jaw projects to join snout profile; mouth extends to under rear edge of pupil; between eyes relatively narrow (~15% of head length in adults), with rough scales; 18-22 rakers on lower arm of 1st gill arch; dorsal X, 13, 3rd spine largest, 2X length of 9th spine & longer than rays, rear margin of soft fin gently convex; anal III,7, spines strong, 2nd largest; pectoral long, rounded, 17-19; scales small, rough, 92-104 lateral scales, 13-15 between lateral line and dorsal origin.

Grey-brown to brown head and body; dense orange spots and horizontal lines on front and side of head; redbrown spots and undulating horizontal lines along upper back to tail; spiny dorsal grey with whitish central stripe & dark outer margin, soft dorsal dark grey with brown spots; tail brown with darker spots on base, rays blackish; anal dark grey with brown spots, spines white; pelvic dark grey, white front border; pectoral yellowish.

Size: 32 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottoms.

Depth: 1-50 m?.

Colombia to Peru.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 50 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=4; Southern limit=-9; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=13; Longitudinal range=4.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 32 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Peruvian province, primarily; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1995., Peces Serranidos del Parque Gorgona, Pacífico Colombiano (Osteichthyes: Serranidae)., Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 19:593-600.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Starks, E. C., 1906., On a Collection of fishes made by P. O. Simons in Ecuador and Peru., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 30:761-800.


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