FishBase | Search | All Living Things


Paralichthys adspersus (Steindachner, 1867)
FINE FLOUNDER
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Paralichthyidae   Paralichthys

Paralichthys adspersus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Paralichthys adspersus

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • FishBase

espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • teeth = large canines
  • gill rakers 21-26
  • pectoral and pelvic - rows of dark dots
  • eye side scales rough
Eyes on left side; body height ~45% of standard length; head length ~30% of standard length; mouth large, 44% head length, ends under rear of lower eye; teeth are large canines, especially at front of mouth; 21-26 rakers on 1st gill arch; lateral line extending onto head, with branches to upper eye and below lower eye, strongly arched over pectoral fin; bases of pelvics symmetric; urinary papilla on eye side, immediately behind level of anus; eye-side pectoral rounded, 51% of head length; 65-75 dorsal rays; 54-59 anal rays; tail blunt point; 95-112 lateral line scales; eye-side scales rough, with accessory scales, blind side scales smooth.

Eye side brown to grey, with or without pale and dark spots and blotches, fins lighter than body, unpaired ones marked like body, pectoral and pelvic with small dark spots, often in rows on pectoral.

Size: 70 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 1-35 m.

Ecuador to Chile.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 35 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; bony fishes; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=-1; Southern limit=-39; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-70; Latitudinal range=38; Longitudinal range=12.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 70 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Peruvian province, primarily; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Abbott, J.F., 1899., The marine fishes of Peru., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 51:324-364.
  • BÚarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., Catalogue of the fishes collected by Mr. John Xantus at Cape San Lucas, which are now in the United States National Museum, with descriptions of eight new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):353-371.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompa˝ante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisiˇn Colombiana de OceanografÝa. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Starks, E. C., 1906., On a Collection of fishes made by P. O. Simons in Ecuador and Peru., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 30:761-800.
  • Steindachner, F., 1867., Ichthyologische Notizen (5. Folge)., Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 4:119-120.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


Supported by
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Paralichthys&speciesname=adspersus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Paralichthys&speciesname=adspersus
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Paralichthys&speciesname=adspersus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Paralichthys-adspersus.html

You can sponsor this page

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Paralichthys adspersus (Steindachner , 1867)

Fine flounder Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Paralichthys adspersus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Paralichthys adspersus (Fine flounder) Paralichthys adspersus
Picture by Reyes, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae (Large-tooth flounders)
Etymology: Paralichthys: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Steindachner .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal.   Subtropical; 2°N - 46°S, 82°W - 73°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Ecuador to Chile.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 60.4   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11035 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 72-77; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 57 - 65. Pectoral fins short, about half of head on ocular side and about one-third of head on blind side. Caudal fin double truncate (Ref. 27363 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits soft bottom area of the continental shelf (Ref. 11035 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

CENAIM , 1992. A field guide to the edible fishes and shellfishes in coastal waters of Ecuador. Centro Nacional de Acuicultura e Investigaciones Marinas (CENAIM), Ecuador. 95 p. (Ref. 11035 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 02 May 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 13 - 23.1, mean 20.1 (based on 28 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00345 - 0.01386), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.3   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Garilao, Cristina V. Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : localhost Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 0.4520 seconds

Updated: 2020-01-23 14:27:01 gmt
FishBase | Search | All Living Things | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation