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Parapercis multiplicata Randall, 1984
DOUBLESTITCH GRUBFISH
Double-stitch Grubfish; Red-banded Grubfish; Redbarred Sandperch

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Pinguipedidae   Parapercis


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/de59f678-45bd-433a-8e0f-7f6eb12a0185 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/de59f678-45bd-433a-8e0f-7f6eb12a0185
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/de59f678-45bd-433a-8e0f-7f6eb12a0185 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9d239e3b-4b48-4089-a03a-eccc42d29950;jsessionid=E9D19E5536A752D491CB5F7DBED26C3A
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9d239e3b-4b48-4089-a03a-eccc42d29950;jsessionid=E9D19E5536A752D491CB5F7DBED26C3A ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9d239e3b-4b48-4089-a03a-eccc42d29950;jsessionid=E9D19E5536A752D491CB5F7DBED26C3A
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Pinguipedidae  
 Genus Parapercis  
  Parapercis multiplicata    Randall, 1984 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Fishbase(2006); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate and little compressed. Head pointed; eyes often jutting slightly above dorsal profile of head, oriented as much dorsally as laterally. Mouth moderately large, protractile; recurved canine teeth in an outer row at front of jaws. Dorsal fin with V spines and 21 soft rays, deeply notched between spinous and soft-rays portions, the soft portion clearly higher than the spinous; anal fin with I spine and 17 soft rays; pectoral fins with 15 rays; caudal fin rounded. Lateral line scales 56 to 58. Lower two-thirds of body whitish with 8 narrow red bars, each containing 2 dark spots (black or darker red), one at of bar and one at level of lower third of body. A small dark red to black spot on abdomen above base of pelvic fins. Spinous portion of dorsal fin cream with a broad oblique black bar. 
Habitat: Mainly occurs at moderate depth on open rubble reef flats, but occasionally more shallow on outer reef habitats. Usually on rubble or sand near coral reefs. 
Distribution: Distributed in the estern Pacific from southern Japan to the Great Barrier Reef, east to Pitcairn, west to Western Australia. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters and Siao Liouciou, southwestern Taiwan. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 382253
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parapercis&speciesname=multiplicata ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parapercis&speciesname=multiplicata
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parapercis&speciesname=multiplicata ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Parapercis-multiplicata.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

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Parapercis multiplicata Randall , 1984

Redbarred sandperch Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parapercis multiplicata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Parapercis multiplicata (Redbarred sandperch) Parapercis multiplicata
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Randall .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 4 - 40 m (Ref. 90102 ), usually 27 - 30 m (Ref. 9710 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: southern Japan to the Great Barrier Reef, east to Pitcairn, west to Western Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 16 - 17. Recognized by the double lines of dashes over the back (Ref. 48636 ). Lower two-thirds of body whitish with 8 narrow red bars, each containing 2 dark spots (black or darker red), one at of bar and one at level of lower third of body. A small dark red to black spot on abdomen above base of pelvic fins. Spinous portion of dorsal fin cream with a broad oblique black bar (except posteriorly). Scales on opercle cycloid (Ref 42740).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mainly occurs at moderate depth on open rubble reef flats, but occasionally more shallow on outer reef habitats (Ref. 48636 ). Usually on rubble or sand near coral reefs (Ref. 42740 ) solitary or forms small groups (Ref. 90102 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene , 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.2 - 28.5, mean 26.9 (based on 46 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00289 - 0.01442), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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