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Parazen pacificus Kamohara, 1935
Parazen

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Parazenidae   Parazen

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/03abc6bb-89ac-4b67-ab80-27e2f8311cb0 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/03abc6bb-89ac-4b67-ab80-27e2f8311cb0
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Species Parazen pacificus Kamohara, 1935

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CAAB : 37262001 Taxon concept Parazen_pacificus last modified 2013-05-06 14:26:12.282

Species Parazen pacificus Kamohara, 1935

Parazen


Compiler and date details

8 July 2011 - Dianne J. Bray

2006 - John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates & Dianne J. Bray

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

West of Shark Bay, WA (25°20`S) to northwest of Port Hedland, WA (18°16'S) and from off Raine Island, QLD (11º35´S) to off Eden, NSW (37°S); tropical, discontinuous (west Indian Ocean, west and east Pacific, west Atlantic)


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Northwest Transition (3), Northwest Province (4), Central Western Transition (5)

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, continental slope, marine.

Extra Ecological Information

253-565 m

 

General References

Heemstra, P.C. 1999. Families Parazenidae, Macrocyttidae, Zeidae, Grammicolepididae, Caproidae. pp. 2257-2261 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2257]

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63 : 9-50 [26]

Kotlyar, A.N. 2001. A rare zeid species — Parazen pacificus : osteology, systematics, and distribution (Parazenidae, Zeiformes). Journal of Ichthyology 41 (9): 687-697 [translation of article in Voprosy Ikhtiologii 41 (6): 725–736] [687]

Paxton, J.R., Gates, J.E. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Parazenidae. pp. 793-794 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In , Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35 . Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [794]

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (eds) 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to Carangidae . Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 7 665 pp. [386]

Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. 1995. Smith's Sea Fishes . Johannesberg : Macmillan South Africa 3rd Impression, i-xxxi + 1047 pp., 144 pls. [ix]

Tyler, J.C., O'Toole, B. & Winterbottom, R.W. 2003. Phylogeny of the genera and families of zeiform fishes, with comments on their relationships with tetraodontiforms and caproids. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 618 : 1-110 [15]

 

Common Name References

Heemstra, P.C. 1999. Families Parazenidae, Macrocyttidae, Zeidae, Grammicolepididae, Caproidae. pp. 2257-2261 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2257] ( Parazen )

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Parazen )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-May-2013 06-May-2013 MODIFIED
20-May-2011 20-May-2011 MODIFIED
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Monday, 6 May 2013 2:26:12 PM AEST

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Zeiformes  
 Family Parazenidae  
 Genus Parazen  
  Parazen pacificus    Kamohara, 1935 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); Fishbase(2003); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Body oblong and compressed. Eye large, its diameter greater than snout length. Mouth large, oblique, the upper jaw highly protrusile; jaws with 1 or 2 rows of short, slender, conical teeth; similar teeth on vomer; maxilla exposed posteriorly; no supramaxilla; posteroventral corner of preopercle without retrorse spine. Gill rakers short and flattened, 1 on upper limb and 4 to 6 on lower limb of first arch (not counting rudiments). Two dorsal fins, the first with VI to VIII slender spines, the second dorsal fin with 27 to 29 soft rays; anal fin with I small spine and 28 to 34 soft rays; caudal fin forked, with 11 segmented rays and 9 branched rays; pectoral fins much shorter than head, with 12 to 16 rays; pelvic fins with 1 unbranched soft ray and 6 branched soft rays, no spine. Two lateral lines anteriorly, merging to a single line on the caudal peduncle. Head naked; body scales moderate in size, deciduous and weakly ctenoid. Vertebrae 12 + 22 = 34. Body reddish silver. 
Habitat: Caught with trawls in depths of 150 to 600 m. Biology unknown. 
Distribution: Western Central Atlantic: northern Cuba. Indo-West Pacific: Natal (South Africa), Japan, and Taiwan; Chesterfield Island. It is very rare and only found in souyhern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Uncommon deep-sea fishes of no commercial importance. 
Name Code: 383063
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parazen&speciesname=pacificus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Parazen-pacificus.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Parazen-pacificus.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Parazen-pacificus.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Parazen pacificus Kamohara , 1935

Parazen Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Parazen pacificus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Parazen pacificus (Parazen) Parazen pacificus
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Parazenidae (Parazen) > Parazeninae
Etymology: Parazen: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, zen , zao = to live (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 145 - 500 m (Ref. 11897 ).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: northern Cuba (Ref. 26340 ). Indo-West Pacific: Natal (South Africa), Japan, and Taiwan (Ref. 11228 ); Chesterfield Island (Ref. 11897 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 557 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on the continental slope. Benthic species (Ref. 75154 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Wheeler, A. , 1977. Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p. (Ref. 557 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 12 October 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 11.5 - 20.7, mean 15.6 (based on 215 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  . Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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