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Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch, 1790)
FOURLINE STRIPED GRUNTER
Four-line Trumpeter; Four-lined Grunter-perch; Four-lined Trumpeter; Fourline Grunter; Fourlined Terapon; Holocentrus quadrilineatus Bloch, 1790

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Terapontidae   Pelates


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/8d08a671-0e89-4c28-9713-7aa8a2600a86 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/8d08a671-0e89-4c28-9713-7aa8a2600a86
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/8d08a671-0e89-4c28-9713-7aa8a2600a86 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/522f8995-f80b-4c9a-8a37-f5c3966cc995;jsessionid=B3A3A6A4A53A9DFF3E603FD8CD3F0A1F
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/522f8995-f80b-4c9a-8a37-f5c3966cc995;jsessionid=B3A3A6A4A53A9DFF3E603FD8CD3F0A1F ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/522f8995-f80b-4c9a-8a37-f5c3966cc995;jsessionid=B3A3A6A4A53A9DFF3E603FD8CD3F0A1F
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Terapontidae  
 Genus Pelates  
  Pelates quadrilineatus    (Bloch, 1790) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Holocentrus quadrilineatus Pelates quadrillneatus Pelatus quadrilineatus Pleates quadrilineatus Therapon quadrilineatus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)
Character: Body oblong, compressed laterally. Jaws equal, gape oblique; posterior margin of upper jaw extending to vertical line through posterior nostril; teeth browntipped, 2 rows in lower jaw and 3 rows or a villiform band with outer row of upper jaw enlarged in upper jaw; vomer and palatines toothless. Preopercle serrate. First gill arch with 16 to 18 gill rakers on upper limb, 22 to 27 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with XII or XIII spines and 9 to 11 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 9 or 10 soft rays. Pored scales in lateral line 66 to 75. Generally silver in color, with 4-6 dark horizontal lines; a black blotch behind head and below dorsal origin and another in front of dorsal fin may be present; caudal fin pale or slightly dusky. 
Habitat: A coastal species often found in brackish waters; common in estuaries. Croaks when taken from the water. Usually forming schools. Juveniles in seagrass beds and in mangrove bays. Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates. 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to southern Japan, New Guinea and Arafura Sea. Reported from Vanuatu. Migrated to the Mediterranean from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal. It is commonly found from freshwater to brackish-water reg 
Utility: Food fish; marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382658
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pelates&speciesname=quadrilineatus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Pelates-quadrilineatus.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Pelates-quadrilineatus.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Pelates-quadrilineatus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch , 1790)

Fourlined terapon Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Pelates quadrilineatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Pelates quadrilineatus (Fourlined terapon) Pelates quadrilineatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Terapontidae (Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Pelates: Greek, pelates, -ou = someone that comes near (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Bloch .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - ? m.   Subtropical; 32°N - 33°S, 28°E - 178°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to southern Japan, New Guinea and Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819 ). Reported from Vanuatu (Ref. 13300 ). Migrated to the Mediterranean from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal (Ref. 5385 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-11; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9 - 11. Generally silver in color, with 4-6 dark horizontal lines; a black blotch behind head and below dorsal origin and another in front of dorsal fin may be present; caudal fin pale or slightly dusky (Ref. 4327 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Are coastal species often found in brackish waters; common in estuaries. They croak when taken from the water. Usually forming schools. Juveniles in seagrass beds and in mangrove bays (Ref. 48635 ). Feed on small fishes and invertebrates. Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley , 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.4 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1262 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00591 - 0.01944), b=2.97 (2.81 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. Fish Forum
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