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Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
Elephant or Napier grass; Zacate elefante

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Poaceae   Pennisetum


Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Ceratostomataceae  Melanospora @ BPI (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Balansia claviceps @ BPI (2)

Ephelis japonica @ BPI (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia @ BPI (1)
Magnaporthaceae  Pyricularia grisea @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Gn_orthotylinigp5 sp_003 @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mymaridae  Gonatocerus blefuscu @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Gonatocerus rakitovi @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora penniseti @ BPI (6)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium acellum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium mediocre @ BPI (2)

Helminthosporium ocellum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium sacchari @ BPI (5)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Bipolaris rostrata @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia substriata @ 106377B (1); 106378A (1); 106378B (1); 106377A (1)
Tingidae  Epimixia sp_ms_aboccidente @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago kamerunensis @ BPI (1)

Ustilago penniseti @ BPI (2)
_  Coniosporium inquinans @ BPI (1)

Gn_ms_naranjakotta sp_ms_sidnica @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Nigrospora @ BPI (1)

Sphacelia @ BPI (1)

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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00004811 pbi_wa04l05h44
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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00004811 wa04l5h44b
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Following modified from Malezas de Mexico, CONABIO
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PEPU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PEPU2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PEPU2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEPU2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEPU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEPU2
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Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
elephant grass

Image of Pennisetum purpureum

General Information
Symbol: PEPU2
Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
PR   I
VI   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pennisetum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery



Symbol Scientific Name
CEPU15 Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Morrone


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Pennisetum Rich. ex Pers. – fountaingrass
Species Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. – elephant grass

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Pennisetum purpureum bokso elephant grass herbe elephant merker grass napier grass puk-soh This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1999. Invasive plant list . Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Florida.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status


CEPU15   Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Morrone

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FAC
Hawaii FAC
North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Great Plains FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PEPU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PEPU2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PEPU2)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (PEPU2)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Illustration (PEPU2)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (PEPU2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PEPU2)
Related Websites
GU-Plant Threats to Pacific Ecosystems (PEPU2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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