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Phycis phycis (Linnaeus, 1766)
FORKBEARD
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Phycidae   Phycis


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Phycis phycis (Linnaeus , 1766)

Forkbeard Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phycis phycis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Phycis phycis (Forkbeard) Phycis phycis
Picture by Luquet, D.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Phycis: Taken from Greek, phykon = seaweed; because of the habits of this fish that lives hidden among them (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 13 - 614 m (Ref. 4517 ), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 1371 ).   Subtropical; 45°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic : Bay of Biscay to Morocco, south to Cape Verde, and including off-lying islands. Also in the Mediterranean and the Azores.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12382 ); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371 ); max. published weight: 3.9 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines : 0. Elongated pelvic-fin rays reaching at most to the origin of the anal fin. Body color is brownish-red dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins distally dark, sometimes with a pale margin.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on hard and sandy-muddy bottoms near rocks at 100-650 m, but sometimes taken at greater depths (Ref. 1371 ). Nocturnal, hiding between rocks during the day (Ref. 1371 ). Feed on small fish and various invertebrates (Ref. 1371 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba , 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 02 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
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Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Eggs
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 13.3 - 16.2, mean 14.9 (based on 84 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6255   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00539 - 0.00811), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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