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Physiculus talarae Hildebrand and Barton, 1949
PERUVIAN MORA
Peruvian codling

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Moridae   Physiculus

Physiculus talarae
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Physiculus talarae

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Physiculus talarae
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Physiculus talarae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • 8 rows scales - lateral lineto center 1st dorsal fin
  • gill rakers: 16-18, short, tips expanded
  • pelvic less than head
  • pectoral: 26-28
Elongate, narrowing rearwards to a slender tail base; snout blunt; large eye; barbel under chin; roof of mouth without teeth; 2 dorsal fins, first with short base, second low, with long base; 16-18 rakers on first gill arch, rakers broad with expanded tips, ~1/2 length of pupil ; small black light organ a little before anus on middle of belly; 26-28 pectoral rays; 110 lateral scale rows; 8 rows of scales between lateral line and center of first dorsal fin; pelvic shorter than head

Grey-brown, paler below; dorsal and anal pale, with dark margins

Size: 25 cm.

Habitat: demersal, soft bottoms.

Depth: 0-330 m.

Central Baja to Peru, but not the Gulf of California.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 330 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: zooplankton; bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=28; Southern limit=-7; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=35; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 25 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Cohen , D. M. , Inada , T. , Iwamoto , T. and Scialaba, N., 1990., Gadiform Fishes of the World. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 10., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 10:1-442.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Hildebrand , S.F. and Barton, O., 1949., A collection of fishes from Talara, Perú., Smithsonian Miscellaneus Collections, 111:1-36.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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