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Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.
NORWAY SPRUCE
Common Spruce; Pinus abies L; Pinus excelsa Lam; Picea excelsa Lam Link; Abies abies (L) Rusby; Abies excelsa Poir nom illegit; Picea excelsa Link nom illegit; Pinus excelsa Lam nom illegit; Pinus pyramidalis Salisb nom illegit

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Picea

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma strobiligena @ BPI (1)
Albatrellaceae  Albatrellus citrinus @ BPI (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia gravesii @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia stevensonii @ BPI (4)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella piceae @ BPI (2)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ NCSU_ENT (1); CSCA_TCN (19)

Elatobium abietinum @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Pterocomma smithiae @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Atheliaceae  Athelia fibulata @ BPI (1)

Athelia salicum @ BPI (1)
Auriscalpiaceae  Lentinellus castoreus @ BPI (1)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryobasidium subcoronatum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dothiorella strobilina @ BPI (1)
Ceratiomyxaceae  Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca vitis @ III (3)
Cicadidae  Tibicen canicularis @ AMNH_IZC (4)

Tibicen linnei @ AMNH_ENT (13)
Clavicipitaceae  Neobarya danica @ BPI (1)
Coccidae  Physokermes concolor @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Physokermes hemicryphus @ CSCA_TCN (6)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa abietis @ BPI (7)

Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli @ BPI (1)

Chrysomyxa ledi @ BPI (9)

Chrysomyxa rhododendri @ BPI (5)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora arida @ BPI (1)

Coniophora olivacea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (1)
Cortinariaceae  Phaeocollybia jennyae @ BPI (1)

Tubaria confragosa @ BPI (1)
Cystostereaceae  Cystostereum murrayi @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces stillatus @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Pezicula eucrita @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Echinodontiaceae  Laurilia sulcata @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia pithya @ BPI (1)

Exidiopsis calcea @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Climacocystis borealis @ BPI (1)

Fomitopsis pinicola @ BPI (1)

Fomitopsis rosea @ BPI (1)
Gomphidiaceae  Gomphidius glutinosus @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Hymenoscyphus sazavae @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Cistella acuum @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula abietis @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula suecica @ BPI (1)

Lachnum acuum @ BPI (1)

Lachnum spiraeicola @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete fuliginosa @ BPI (1)

Onnia leporina @ BPI (1)
Hyphodermataceae  Hyphoderma argillaceum @ BPI (1)

Hyphoderma sibiricum @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea citrina @ BPI (1)
Lachnocladiaceae  Scytinostroma odoratum @ BPI (1)

Vararia granulosa @ BPI (2)
Meripilaceae  Antrodia heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Antrodia serialis @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Meruliopsis taxicola @ BPI (2)

Merulius tignicola @ BPI (1)

Phlebia centrifuga @ BPI (1)

Phlebia serialis @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Agnocoris @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Atractotomus cooperi @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Atractotomus magnicornis @ AMNH_PBI (148)

Ceratocapsus luteus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Cremnocephalus albolineatus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Cremnocephalus alpestris @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Deraeocoris rubroclarus @ AMNH_ENT (4)

Dichaetocoris piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Orthotylus pennsylvanicus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Phytocoris buenoi @ AMNH_ENT (7)

Phytocoris crawfordi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris neglectus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pilophorus piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (38)

Pilophorus vicarius @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pinalitus rubricatus @ AMNH_ENT (26)

Plagiognathus vitellinus @ AMNH_PBI (11)

Psallovius piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (17)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Discella strobilina @ BPI (5)
Mymaridae  Dicopus minutissimus @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Mytilinidiaceae  Mytilinidion mytilinellum @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (3)

Neonectria fuckeliana @ BPI (2)

Neonectria punicea @ BPI (1)

Neonectria @ BPI (1)
Paxillaceae  Paxillus atrotomentosus @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora gigantea @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium infestans @ BPI (4)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Setomelanomma holmii @ BPI (2)
Phanerochaetaceae  Ceraceomyces sublaevis @ BPI (1)

Phanerochaete sanguinea @ BPI (1)

Phlebiopsis gigantea @ BPI (1)
Phymatidae  Lophoscutus lepidus @ AMNH_PBI (33)
Polyporaceae  Coriolus subabruptus @ BPI (1)

Daedaleopsis confragosa @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (1)

Fomes ferrugineo-fuscus @ BPI (1)

Fomes isabellinus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (1)

Fomes viticola @ BPI (2)

Hirschioporus laricinus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites odoratum @ BPI (2)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus borealis @ BPI (1)

Poria stellae @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (1)

Poria tschulymica @ BPI (3)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Trametes malicola @ BPI (1)

Trichaptum abietinum @ BPI (1)

Tyromyces lowei @ BPI (3)
Pucciniastraceae  Pucciniastrum areolatum @ BPI (4)

Pucciniastrum padi @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Sinea @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypodermella macrospora @ BPI (2)

Lophodermium macrosporum @ BPI (4)

Tryblidiopsis pinastri @ BPI (1)
Russulaceae  Lactarius deterrimus @ BPI (1)
Rutstroemiaceae  Rutstroemia bulgarioides @ BPI (1)
Sarcosomataceae  Pseudoplectania nigrella @ BPI (1)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia aspera @ BPI (1)

Hyphodontia breviseta @ BPI (1)

Schizopora paradoxa @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Ciboria bulgarioides @ BPI (1)
Sistotremataceae  Paullicorticium pearsonii @ BPI (2)

Sistotremastrum suecicum @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia bicolor @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (1)

Amylostereum chailletii @ BPI (1)

Stereum murrayi @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (1)

Vesiculomyces citrinus @ BPI (1)
Thelephoraceae  Tomentella atramentaria @ BPI (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella cetrariicola @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium sulphuratum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora kunzei @ BPI (2)

Valsa abietis @ BPI (2)

Valsa kunzei @ BPI (1)
Xenasmataceae  Xenasma minutum @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia thelena @ BPI (2)
_  Ceraceomerulius serpens @ BPI (1)

Fibuloporia donkii @ BPI (1)

Naevia piniperda @ BPI (1)

Phragmotrichum chailletii @ BPI (3)

Pseudopatellina conigena @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus conigenus @ BPI (4)

Sirococcus piceicola @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus strobilinus @ BPI (1)

Thekopsora areolata @ BPI (5)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Picea

1. Picea abies (Linnaeus) H. Karsten, Deut. Fl. 2/3: 324. 1881.

Norway spruce, épinette de Norvège

Pinus abies Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1002. 1753

Trees to 30m; trunk to 2m diam.; crown conic. Bark gray-brown, scaly. Branches short and stout, the upper ascending, the lower drooping; twigs stout, reddish brown, usually glabrous. Buds reddish brown, 5--7mm, apex acute. Leaves 1--2.5cm, 4-angled in cross section, rigid, light to dark green, bearing stomates on all surfaces, apex blunt-tipped. Seed cones (10--)12--16cm; scales diamond-shaped, widest near middle, 18--30 ´ 15--20mm, thin and flexuous, margin at apex erose to toothed, apex extending 6--10mm beyond seed-wing impression. 2 n =24.

Norway spruce, native to Europe, has become locally naturalized, at least in north central United States (and adjacent Canada). The species is the most widely cultivated spruce in North America; many cultivars exist, including dwarf shrubs.

Updated: 2024-05-20 09:29:12 gmt
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