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Pinus edulis Engelm.
TWONEEDLE PINYON
Colorado Pinyon Pine; Pinyon

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus edulis, seed - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, seed - general view

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Pinus edulis, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, cone - female - mature open
Pinus edulis, cone - female - closed
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, cone - female - closed

Pinus edulis, cone - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, cone - male
Pinus edulis, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, leaf - entire needle

Pinus edulis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, bark - of a large tree
Pinus edulis, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, whole tree - view up trunk

Pinus edulis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
Pinus edulis, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, whole tree - view up trunk

Pinus edulis, cone - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, cone - unspecified
Pinus edulis, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, cone - female - mature open

Pinus edulis, cone - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, cone - male
Pinus edulis, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus edulis, whole tree - general

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Adelgidae  Pineus ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia foedans @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia stevensonii @ BPI (2)
Anthocoridae  Orius tristicolor @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (15); NCSU_ENT (7)

Essigella ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Cicadidae  Okanagana bella @ CSUC_TCN (1)

Tibicen duryi @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium crowellii @ 130425A (1); BPI (23); 130425B (1); 130425C (1)

Coleosporium jonesii @ BPI (69)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium occidentale @ BPI (113)

Cronartium ribicola @ BPI (2)

Peridermium ribicola @ BPI (1)

Peridermium @ BPI (1)
Margarodidae  Matsucoccus acalyptus @ CSCA_TCN (8)

Matsucoccus eduli @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Matsucoccus monophyllae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Pityococcus ferrisi @ CSCA_TCN (5)
Meruliaceae  Merulius ambiguus @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus apicatus @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Deraeocoris bakeri @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Deraeocoris davisi @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Deraeocoris fulvescens @ AMNH_ENT (5)

Dichaetocoris anasazi @ AMNH_ENT (140); AMNH_PBI (2)

Dichaetocoris nevadensis @ AMNH_ENT (79)

Dichaetocoris pinicola @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Dichrooscytus apicalis @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Dichrooscytus flavescens @ AMNH_ENT (29); AMNH_PBI (3)

Dichrooscytus junipericola @ AMNH_ENT (17); AMNH_PBI (2)

Dichrooscytus pinicola @ AMNH_PBI (11); AMNH_IZC (89)

Dichrooscytus uhleri @ AMNH_ENT (77); AMNH_PBI (11); AMNH_IZC (11)

Irbisia serrata @ AMNH_IZC (2)

Lopidea scutata @ AMNH_IZC (3)

Lopidea ute @ AMNH_ENT (4)

Neoborella @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Orthotylus albocostatus @ AMNH_IZC (2)

Pappus vanduzeei @ AMNH_ENT (64)

Parthenicus cowaniae @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Parthenicus @ AMNH_PBI (11)

Phytocoris comulus @ AMNH_ENT (4)

Phytocoris corticola @ AMNH_PBI (8)

Phytocoris heidemanni @ AMNH_PBI (3); AMNH_ENT (12)

Phytocoris hopi @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Phytocoris mellarius @ AMNH_PBI (25); AMNH_ENT (96)

Phytocoris shoshoni @ AMNH_IZC (1); AMNH_ENT (32)

Phytocoris simulatus @ AMNH_PBI (1); AMNH_ENT (32)

Phytocoris stellatus @ AMNH_ENT (3)

Phytocoris sublineatus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pilophorus diffusus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Pilophorus exiguus @ AMNH_PBI (19)

Pilophorus fuscipennis @ AMNH_PBI (29)

Pilophorus tibialis @ AMNH_PBI (104)

Pinomiris knighti @ AMNH_PBI (7)

Plesiodema polhemi @ AMNH_PBI (13); AMNH_IZC (1)

Psallovius flaviclavus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Psallovius piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Lecanosticta acicola @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Tryblidiella sabina @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (1)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Rasahus @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Rhynocoris @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Sinea @ AMNH_PBI (13)

Zelus tetracanthus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Zelus @ AMNH_PBI (5)
Rhytismataceae  Elytroderma deformans @ BPI (15)

Hypoderma deformans @ BPI (3)

Hypoderma pini @ BPI (6)

Hypoderma robustum @ BPI (1)

Hypoderma saccatum @ BPI (12)

Hypodermella sulcigena @ BPI (2)

Lophodermium friabile @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus mesaverdensis @ BPI (1)
_  Diplozythia @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://conifers.org/pi/Pinus_edulis.php

Following served from buddha-nature
   
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Following served from JR Manhart
   
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Forestry Department
   
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/pedulis.htm

Following modified from Uni-bonn
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/pi/pin/edulis.htm

Following modified from US Forest Service
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/pinus/edulis.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIED ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIED
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIED ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIED
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIED ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIED
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pinus edulis Engelm.
twoneedle pinyon

Image of Pinus edulis

General Information
Symbol: PIED
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pinus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, UT, Grand Co., Arches National Park. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, UT, Grand Co., Arches National Park. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, NV, White Pine Co., Great Basin National Park. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, NV, White Pine Co., Great Basin National Park. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, UT, Grand Co., Arches National Park. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., Wilbur D. May Arboretum. June 16, 2003. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, AZ. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, AZ, Sedona. June 8, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, AZ, Sedona. June 8, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, AZ, Sedona. June 8, 2006. Usage Requirements .

Leland J. Prater. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO. 1963. Usage Requirements .

W.H. Shaffer. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, UT. 1938. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AZ. 1935. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO, Roosevelt National Forest, Owl Canyon. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, White Pine Co., Great Basin National Park, Snake Creek. July 14, 2007. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, White Pine Co., Great Basin National Park, Snake Creek. July 14, 2007. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PICEE Pinus cembroides Zucc. var. edulis (Engelm.) Voss

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus L. – pine
Species Pinus edulis Engelm. – twoneedle pinyon

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIED)
CalPhotos (PIED)
Flora of North America (PIED)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PICEE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIED)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PIED)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PIED)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PIED)
Native Plants Network (PIED)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIED)
Related Websites
AZ-Northern Arizona University (PIED)
CO-Southwest Colorado Wildflowers, Ferns, (PIED)
Forestry Images (PIED)
Gymnosperm Database (PIED)
MO-Missouri Botanical Garden W3 Tropicos (PIED)
NC-Plant Fact Sheets (PIED)
NM-Medicinal Plants of the Southwest (PIED)
NM-State Plants (PIED)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (PIED)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PIED)
UT-Range Plants of Utah (PIED)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (PIED)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Pinus

8. Pinus edulis Engelmann in Wislizenus, Mem. Tour N. Mexico. 88. 1848.

Pinyon, piñón

Caryopitys edulis (Engelmann) Small; Pinus cembroides Zuccarini var. edulis (Engelmann) Voss

Shrubs or trees to 21m; trunk to 0.6m diam., strongly tapering, erect; crown conic, rounded, dense. Bark red-brown, shallowly and irregularly furrowed, ridges scaly, rounded. Branches persistent to near trunk base; twigs pale red-brown to tan, rarely glaucous, aging gray-brown to gray, glabrous to papillose-puberulent. Buds ovoid to ellipsoid, red-brown, 0.5--1cm, resinous. Leaves (1--)2(--3) per fascicle, upcurved, persisting 4--6 years, 2--4cm ´ (0.9--)1--1.5mm, connivent, 2-sided (1-leaved fascicles with leaves 2-grooved, 3-leaved fascicles with leaves 3-sided), blue-green, all surfaces marked with pale stomatal bands, particularly the adaxial, margins entire or finely serrulate, apex narrowly acute to subulate; sheath 0.5--0.7cm, scales soon recurved, forming rosette, shed early. Pollen cones ellipsoid, ca. 7mm, yellowish to red-brown. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds and falling soon thereafter, spreading, symmetric, ovoid before opening, depressed-ovoid to nearly globose when open, ca. (3.5--)4(--5)cm, pale yellow- to pale red-brown, resinous, nearly sessile to short-stalked; apophyses thickened, raised, angulate; umbo subcentral, slightly raised or depressed, truncate or umbilicate. Seeds mostly ellipsoid to obovoid; body 10--15mm, brown, wingless. 2 n =24.

Dry mountain slopes, mesas, plateaus, and pinyon-juniper woodland; 1500--2100(--2700)m; Ariz., Calif., Colo., N.Mex., Okla., Tex., Utah, Wyo.; Mexico in Chihuahua.

Pinus edulis var. fallax Little ( P . californiarum subsp. fallax (Little) D.K.Bailey) appears to combine features of P . edulis and P . monophylla . More study is needed.

Seeds of Pinus edulis , the commonest southwestern United States pinyon, are much eaten and traded by Native Americans.

Pinyon ( Pinus edulis ) is the state tree of New Mexico.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pinus+edulis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pinus+edulis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 59
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Pinus edulis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Two-needle Pinyon Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0031 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Mexican Pinyon Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0011 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0101 0158 [detail]
© 1998 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Colorado Pinyon
ID: 7335 3182 4412 0003 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
ID: 0024 3291 2014 0119 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Colorado Pinyon
ID: 7335 3182 4412 0002 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Edible Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0101 0159 [detail]
© 1998 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Mexican Pinyon Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0015 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Mexican Pinyon Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0012 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinon Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0032 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
New Mexico pinon pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0033 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Colorado Pinyon
ID: 7335 3182 4412 0001 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Mexican Pinyon Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0014 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Mexican Pinyon Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0013 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0405 0562 [detail]
© 2005 Robert Sivinski

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1005 1232 [detail]
© 2005 Robert Sivinski

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0777 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0778 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0779 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0780 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0781 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0782 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0783 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pinus edulis
Pinus edulis
Pinyon Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0784 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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