D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Pinus sabiniana Douglas, ex D. Don
CALIFORNIA FOOTHILL PINE
Digger Pine; Gray Pine

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general

Click on map for details about points.

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general

Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - entire needle

Pinus sabiniana, cone - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, cone - male
Pinus sabiniana, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, twig - showing attachment of needles

Pinus sabiniana, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, twig - after fallen needles
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree

Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Achilidae  Synecdoche constellata @ UDCC_TCN (2); UCR_ENT (2)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (2); CSCA_TCN (2)

Cinara @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Essigella ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU_ENT (7); CSCA_TCN (35)

Schizolachnus piniradiatae @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Aulographaceae  Aulographum acicola @ BPI (2)
Berytidae  Neoneides muticus @ AMNH_IZC (5)
Braconidae  Diaeretus essigellae @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium carneum @ BPI (2)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (4)

Cronartium coleosporioides @ BPI (4)

Cronartium harknessii @ BPI (5)

Cronartium occidentale @ BPI (1)

Cronartium strobilinum @ BPI (1)

Peridermium cerebroides @ BPI (5)

Peridermium harknessii @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspidiotus ehrhorni @ CSCA_TCN (9)

Dynaspidiotus californicus @ CSCA_TCN (5)
Lygaeidae  Gastrodes conicola @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Margarodidae  Matsucoccus fasciculensis @ CSCA_TCN (3)
Miridae  Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_ENT (12)

Dichrooscytus latifrons @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Europiella @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neoborella @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Phytocoris occidentalis @ AMNH_PBI (1); AMNH_ENT (31)

Pilophorus tibialis @ AMNH_PBI (12)

Plesiodema pinicolus @ AMNH_PBI (8)
Montagnulaceae  Kalmusia pinicola @ BPI (3)
Piedraiaceae  Trichosporum fuscescens @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (1)

Poria selecta @ BPI (1)
Psyllidae  Nyctiphalerus vermiculosus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Reduviidae  Pselliopus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Zelus tetracanthus @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Rhytismataceae  Leptostroma decipiens @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (4)

Naemacyclus niveus @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Anthostomella conorum @ BPI (1)
_  Bactrodesmiella masonii @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium pinastri @ BPI (1)

Pseudocenangium pinastri @ BPI (1)

Sclerophoma pithyophila @ BPI (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://conifers.org/pi/Pinus_sabiniana.php

Following modified from Uni-bonn
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.botanik.uni-bonn.de:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/pi/pin/sabiniana.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Forestry Department
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/Psabiniana.htm

Following modified from US Forest Service
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.na.fs.fed.us:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/pinus/sabiniana.htm

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 2 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Pinus

29. Pinus sabiniana Douglas in A. B. Lambert, Descr. Pinus [ed. 3]. 2: unnumbered page between 144 and 145, plate 80. 1832.

Digger pine, gray pine

Trees to 25m; trunk to 1.2m diam., straight to crooked, often forked; crown conic to raggedly lobed, sparse. Bark dark brown to near black, irregularly and deeply furrowed, ridges irregularly rectangular or blocky, scaly, often breaking away, bases of furrows and underbark orangish. Branches often ascending; cone-bearing branchlets stout, twigs comparatively slender, both pale purple-brown and glaucous, aging gray, rough. Buds ovoid, red-brown, ca. 1cm, resinous; scale margins white-fringed. Leaves mostly 3 per fascicle, drooping, persisting 3--4 years, 15--32cm ´ 1.5mm, slightly twisted, dull blue-green, all surfaces with pale, narrow stomatal lines, margins serrulate, apex short-acuminate; sheath to 2.4cm, base persistent. Pollen cones ellipsoid, 10--15mm, yellow. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds soon thereafter, persisting to 7 years, pendent, massive, heavy, nearly symmetric, ovoid before opening, broadly to narrowly ovoid or ovoid-cylindric when open, 15--25cm, dull brown, resinous, stalks to 5cm; apophyses elongate, curved, continuous with umbos to form long, upcurved claws to 2cm. Seeds narrowly obovoid; body ca. 20mm, dark brown; wing broad, short, ca. 10mm. 2n = 24.

Dry foothills on the west slope of the Sierra Nevada, and in the coast ranges, nearly ringing the Central Valley of California; 30--1900m; Calif.

Seeds of Pinus sabiniana were an important food source for many Indian groups in California, sometimes collectively referred to as "Digger Indians." Because the name "Digger" has been used as a derogatory ethnic term, many people prefer to avoid using the vernacular name Digger pine.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Griffin, J.R. 1964. Cone morphology in Pinus sabiniana . J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 260--273.

Updated: 2024-04-25 05:35:29 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation