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Pinus sabiniana Douglas, ex D. Don
CALIFORNIA FOOTHILL PINE
Digger Pine; Gray Pine

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general

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Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general

Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - entire needle

Pinus sabiniana, cone - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, cone - male
Pinus sabiniana, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, twig - showing attachment of needles

Pinus sabiniana, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, twig - after fallen needles
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, bark - of a large tree

Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, cone - female - mature open
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus sabiniana, whole tree - general

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Achilidae  Synecdoche constellata @ UCR_ENT (2); UDCC_TCN (2)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ CSCA_TCN (2); AMNH_PBI (2)

Cinara @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Essigella ( @ CSCA_TCN (35); NCSU_ENT (7); AMNH_PBI (1)

Schizolachnus piniradiatae @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Aulographaceae  Aulographum acicola @ BPI (2)
Berytidae  Neoneides muticus @ AMNH_IZC (5)
Braconidae  Diaeretus essigellae @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium carneum @ BPI (2)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (4)

Cronartium coleosporioides @ BPI (4)

Cronartium harknessii @ BPI (5)

Cronartium occidentale @ BPI (1)

Cronartium strobilinum @ BPI (1)

Peridermium cerebroides @ BPI (5)

Peridermium harknessii @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspidiotus ehrhorni @ CSCA_TCN (9)

Dynaspidiotus californicus @ CSCA_TCN (5)
Lygaeidae  Gastrodes conicola @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Margarodidae  Matsucoccus fasciculensis @ CSCA_TCN (3)
Miridae  Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_ENT (12)

Dichrooscytus latifrons @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Europiella @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neoborella @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Phytocoris occidentalis @ AMNH_ENT (31); AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus tibialis @ AMNH_PBI (12)

Plesiodema pinicolus @ AMNH_PBI (8)
Montagnulaceae  Kalmusia pinicola @ BPI (3)
Piedraiaceae  Trichosporum fuscescens @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (1)

Poria selecta @ BPI (1)
Psyllidae  Nyctiphalerus vermiculosus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Reduviidae  Pselliopus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Zelus tetracanthus @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Rhytismataceae  Leptostroma decipiens @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (4)

Naemacyclus niveus @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Anthostomella conorum @ BPI (1)
_  Bactrodesmiella masonii @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium pinastri @ BPI (1)

Pseudocenangium pinastri @ BPI (1)

Sclerophoma pithyophila @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
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Following modified from Uni-bonn
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://www.botanik.uni-bonn.de/conifers/pi/pin/sabiniana.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Forestry Department
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/Psabiniana.htm

Following modified from US Forest Service
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/pinus/sabiniana.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PISA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PISA2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PISA2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PISA2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PISA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PISA2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pinus sabiniana Douglas ex Douglas
California foothill pine

Image of Pinus sabiniana

General Information
Symbol: PISA2
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

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©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Butte Co., North Table Mountain. March 3, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Butte Co., North Table Mountain. March 3, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Butte Co., North Table Mountain. March 3, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Butte Co., North Table Mountain. March 3, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Nevada Co. March 28, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Davis, University of California Davis Arboretum. February 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Davis, University of California Davis Arboretum. February 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Nevada Co., W. of Grass Valley. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Nevada Co., W. of Grass Valley. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Nevada Co., W. of Grass Valley. July 15, 2001. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, CA, Butte Co., Chico. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Tuolumne Co., Red Hills. April 17, 1990. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Tuolumne Co., Red Hills. April 17, 1990. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Tuolumne Co., Red Hills. April 17, 1990. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, El Dorado Co., Salmon Falls. May 2, 1990. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Redding. February 24, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Redding. February 24, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Redding. February 24, 2006. Usage Requirements .

L.A. Barrett. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1922. Usage Requirements .

J.R. Hall. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1940. Usage Requirements .

T.P. Lukens. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

G.B. Sudworth. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Benito Co., BLM Clear Creek. May 14, 1992. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Benito Co., BLM Clear Creek. May 14, 1992. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Benito Co., BLM Clear Creek. May 14, 1992. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Benito Co., BLM Clear Creek. May 14, 1992. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Benito Co., BLM Clear Creek. May 14, 1992. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Yolo Co., Road 81. March 16, 1995. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Yolo Co., Road 81. March 16, 1995. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Yolo Co., Road 81. March 16, 1995. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus L. – pine
Species Pinus sabiniana Douglas ex Douglas – California foothill pine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PISA2)
CalPhotos (PISA2)
Flora of North America (PISA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PISA2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PISA2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PISA2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PISA2)
Native Plants Network (PISA2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PISA2)
Related Websites
Bark Beetles of North America (PISA2)
CA-SelecTree for California (PISA2)
France-Arboretum de Villardebelle (PISA2)
Gymnosperm Database (PISA2)
NY-New York Botanical Garden Specimens (PISA2)
Native Conifers of North America (PISA2)
OR-Oregon State University Landscape Plants (PISA2)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PISA2)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (PISA2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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29. Pinus sabiniana Douglas ex D. Don in Lambert, Descr. Pinus [ed. 3]. 2: unnumbered page between 144 and 145, plate 80. 1832.

Digger pine, gray pine

Trees to 25m; trunk to 1.2m diam., straight to crooked, often forked; crown conic to raggedly lobed, sparse. Bark dark brown to near black, irregularly and deeply furrowed, ridges irregularly rectangular or blocky, scaly, often breaking away, bases of furrows and underbark orangish. Branches often ascending; cone-bearing branchlets stout, twigs comparatively slender, both pale purple-brown and glaucous, aging gray, rough. Buds ovoid, red-brown, ca. 1cm, resinous; scale margins white-fringed. Leaves mostly 3 per fascicle, drooping, persisting 3--4 years, 15--32cm ´ 1.5mm, slightly twisted, dull blue-green, all surfaces with pale, narrow stomatal lines, margins serrulate, apex short-acuminate; sheath to 2.4cm, base persistent. Pollen cones ellipsoid, 10--15mm, yellow. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds soon thereafter, persisting to 7 years, pendent, massive, heavy, nearly symmetric, ovoid before opening, broadly to narrowly ovoid or ovoid-cylindric when open, 15--25cm, dull brown, resinous, stalks to 5cm; apophyses elongate, curved, continuous with umbos to form long, upcurved claws to 2cm. Seeds narrowly obovoid; body ca. 20mm, dark brown; wing broad, short, ca. 10mm. 2n = 24.

Dry foothills on the west slope of the Sierra Nevada, and in the coast ranges, nearly ringing the Central Valley of California; 30--1900m; Calif.

Seeds of Pinus sabiniana were an important food source for many Indian groups in California, sometimes collectively referred to as "Digger Indians." Because the name "Digger" has been used as a derogatory ethnic term, many people prefer to avoid using the vernacular name Digger pine.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Griffin, J.R. 1964. Cone morphology in Pinus sabiniana . J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 260--273.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pinus+sabiniana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pinus+sabiniana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 81
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Pinus sabiniana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Ghost Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1211 0865 [detail]
© 2011 Neal Kramer

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray, Foothill Pine
ID: 1342 3162 2710 0118 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
California Foothill Pine
ID: 1342 3162 2235 0002 [detail]
Beatrice F. Howitt
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
ID: 3333 3333 1007 0011 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1213 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1214 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1215 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1216 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1217 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1218 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1219 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1220 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1221 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1222 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
(shown with Arceuthobium campylopodum )
ID: 0000 0000 0109 1524 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
ID: 0000 0000 0109 1675 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
ID: 0000 0000 0109 1676 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0109 1795 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1759 [detail]
© 2010 Dee E. Warenycia

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Gray Pine
ID: 6666 6666 0511 0018 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Digger Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0611 0916 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Ghost Pine
ID: 0000 0000 1211 0864 [detail]
© 2011 Neal Kramer

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Digger Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0611 0915 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Pinus sabiniana
Pinus sabiniana
Digger Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0611 0917 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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