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Pisodonophis boro (Hamilton, 1822)
ESTUARY SNAKE EEL
Estuary Snake-eel; Ophisurus boro Hamilton, 1822; Rice-paddy Eel

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Ophichthidae   Pisodonophis


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/4e7781b4-7b7b-4415-a9c0-bb9a4c4f0760 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/4e7781b4-7b7b-4415-a9c0-bb9a4c4f0760
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Anguilliformes  
 Family Ophichthidae  
 Genus Pisodonophis  
  Pisodonophis boro    (Hamilton, 1822) 
Provider: Chen, Yu-Hsin 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Conger microstoma Ophichthus altipinnis Ophichthys boro Ophisurus baccidens Ophisurus boro Ophisurus brachysoma Ophisurus caudatus Ophisurus harancha Ophisurus potamophilus Ophisurus schaapi Ophisurus schaapii details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 陳威立。 2006。臺灣東部海域蛇鰻科魚類之初步分類研究。國立臺灣海洋大學碩士論文。
Name Code: 380808
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pisodonophis&speciesname=boro ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pisodonophis&speciesname=boro
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pisodonophis&speciesname=boro ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Pisodonophis-boro.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pisodonophis boro (Hamilton , 1822)

Rice-paddy eel Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pisodonophis boro   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Pisodonophis boro (Rice-paddy eel) Pisodonophis boro
Picture by Ott, G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Pisodonophis: Greek, piso, pipisko = to drink + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, ophis = serpent .  More on author: Hamilton .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range ? - 10 m (Ref. 86942 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Somalia (Ref. 30573 ) and Tanzania to Natal (South Africa), southern India and Sri Lanka. Also widespread elsewhere from the east Indian coast through Indonesia to Polynesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3972 ); common length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7245 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines : 0; Vertebrae : 171 - 173. Olive brown above, lighter below (Ref. 3972 ). Body snake-like, cylindrical, compressed only along extreme tail tip; anterior nostril tubular, posterior along lower edge of lip; teeth granular to molariform, multiserial bands on jaws and vomer, but sharper on jaws and more pointed in young individuals; median fins not continuous posteriorly; extreme tip of tail stiff and finless; dorsal fin origin about a pectoral fin length behind tips of pectoral fins; lateral line inconspicuous (Ref. 4832 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in lagoons and estuaries, entering freshwater and paddy fields (Ref. 30573 ). Common in tidal reaches and nearby upstream areas of coastal rivers (Ref. 12693 ). Lives in holes in the river bottom and bank and actively forages for small fishes at night (Ref. 12693 ). Reported to spawn in rice-paddies during the rainy season (Ref. 12693 ). Caught in bag nets and similar gear. Marketed fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

Castle, P.H.J. , 1984. Ophichthidae. p. 38-39. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3508 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 12 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually FAO(Aquaculture: production ; ; publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.6 - 29.2, mean 28.5 (based on 2626 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00123 (0.00061 - 0.00250), b=2.91 (2.73 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.0   ±0.71 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. Fish Forum
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