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Pisodonophis cancrivorus (Richardson, 1848)
BURROWING SNAKE EEL
Burrowing Snake-eel; Myrophis chrysogaster Macleay, 1881; Ophisurus cancrivorus Richardson, 1848; Longfin Snake-eel

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Ophichthidae   Pisodonophis


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/485442fb-6908-45af-b600-36d948787891 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/485442fb-6908-45af-b600-36d948787891
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/485442fb-6908-45af-b600-36d948787891

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Anguilliformes  
 Family Ophichthidae  
 Genus Pisodonophis  
  Pisodonophis cancrivorus    (Richardson, 1848) 
Provider: Chen, Yu-Hsin 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Microdonophis altipennis Myrophis chrysogaster Ophichthus chilkensis Ophichthus melanochir Ophichthys cancrivorus Ophisurus cancrivomer Ophisurus cancrivorus Ophisurus nigrepinnis Pisodonophis cancricorus Pisodonophis cancrivorous Pisodonophis chilkensis details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 陳威立。 2006。臺灣東部海域蛇鰻科魚類之初步分類研究。國立臺灣海洋大學碩士論文。
Name Code: 380809
   Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pisodonophis&speciesname=cancrivorus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pisodonophis&speciesname=cancrivorus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pisodonophis&speciesname=cancrivorus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Pisodonophis-cancrivorus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pisodonophis cancrivorus (Richardson , 1848)

Longfin snake-eel Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pisodonophis cancrivorus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Pisodonophis cancrivorus (Longfin snake-eel) Pisodonophis cancrivorus
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Pisodonophis: Greek, piso, pipisko = to drink + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, ophis = serpent .  More on author: Richardson .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; anadromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to the Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 108 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1479 ); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7245 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines : 0; Vertebrae : 152 - 163. Teeth molariform, multiserial on jaws, intermaxillary and vomer; dorsal fin with broad dark edge (Ref. 37816 ). Dorsal fin beginning above pectoral fin (Ref. 12693 ). Body snake-like, cylindrical, compressed only along extreme tail tip; anterior nostril tubular, posterior nostril along lower edge of lip; median fins not continuous posteriorly; extreme tip of tail stiff and finless; dorsal fin origin over front to middle portion of pectoral fins; lateral line inconspicuous (Ref. 4832 ). Variable from grey to black or brown. Large individuals have wrinkled skin (Ref. 48635 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in lagoons and estuaries, entering freshwater (Ref. 12693 ). Often in tidal channels where loose groups congregate, and usually seen with just the head exposed (Ref. 48635 ). Caught most often in tidal areas and estuaries (Ref. 12693 ). Caught in bag nets and similar gear. Marketed fresh (Ref. 7050 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

McCosker, J.E. and P.H.J. Castle , 1986. Ophichthidae. p. 176-186. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3972 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.2 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3721 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00081 (0.00041 - 0.00163), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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