: 152 - 163. Teeth molariform, multiserial on jaws, intermaxillary and vomer; dorsal fin with broad dark edge (Ref.
). Dorsal fin beginning above pectoral fin (Ref.
). Body snake-like, cylindrical, compressed only along extreme tail tip; anterior nostril tubular, posterior nostril along lower edge of lip; median fins not continuous posteriorly; extreme tip of tail stiff and finless; dorsal fin origin over front to middle portion of pectoral fins; lateral line inconspicuous (Ref.
). Variable from grey to black or brown. Large individuals have wrinkled skin (Ref.
Occurs in lagoons and estuaries, entering freshwater (Ref.
). Often in tidal channels where loose groups congregate, and usually seen with just the head exposed (Ref.
). Caught most often in tidal areas and estuaries (Ref.
). Caught in bag nets and similar gear. Marketed fresh (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 24.2 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3721 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00081 (0.00041 - 0.00163), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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