New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Albany region, WA (118°E) to Pambula Lake (36°59'S), NSW; tropical, temperate, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Lord Howe Province (14), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Christmas Island Province (23), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Knysna, South Africa (Ref.
) and east to the Line, Marquesan and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Replaced by
in the Hawaiian Islands (Ref.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
Adults inhabit clear, coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref.
). They hide in deserted worm tubes or other small holes when alarmed (Ref.
), bite divers occassionally (Ref.
). They feed on the skin, mucus and sometimes scales of other fishes by quick attacks. Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref.
), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref.
). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref.
). Juveniles mimic the cleaner wrasse
). According to Ref. 53299 they are facultative mimics that change their color: at cleaning stations they mimic the cleaner wrasse and attack unsuspecting customers; elsewhere they adopt an alternative color and striping pattern to conceal themselves among fish shoals from which they can strike at passing fish.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 24.6 - 28.9, mean 27.6 (based on 650 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00340 - 0.01171), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Capuli, Estelita Emily
Luna, Susan M.
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