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Podophyllum peltatum L.
MAYAPPLE
Mandrake; Maypop

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Berberidaceae   Podophyllum

Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple
© John Pickering, 2004-2023 · 10
Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple

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Podophyllum peltatum, May Apple
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Podophyllum peltatum, May Apple
Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum

Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum

Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit

Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit

Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - juvenile
Podophyllum peltatum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Podophyllum peltatum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, stem - showing leaf bases
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Names
Scientific source:

Geographic distribution
This species has not yet been officially reported in the park.

Supported by

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ BBSL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta podophylli @ BPI (48)

Phyllostictina podophylli @ BPI (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Gibellula @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Discohainesia oenotherae @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium podophyllinum @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)

Septoria podophyllina @ BPI (53)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium podophylli @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia podophylli @ 092278B (1); 092331B (1); BPI (658); 092331A (1); 092056B (1); 092278A (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (2)

Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)

Septotinia podophyllina @ BPI (12)
Thyreocoridae  Corimelaena pulicaria @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia podophylli @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium podophylli @ BPI (5)

Aecidium @ BPI (1)
_  Caeoma podophyllatum @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum podophyllinum @ BPI (7)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Berberidaceae | Podophyllum

1. Podophyllum peltatum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753.

May-apple, Indian-apple, wild-mandrake, pomme de mai, podophylle pelt

Rhizomes: annual elongation increments (2-)6-20 cm. Leaves of nonflowering shoots 2-5 dm; blade 18-38 × 18-38 cm. Flowering shoots 3-6 dm; leaves nearly opposite, slightly unequal in size; petioles 5-15 cm; proximal blades 10-35 × 14-40 cm, distal blades 6-25 × 10-33 cm. Leaf blades 5-7(-9)-parted, parts lobed or not (frequently 2-lobed), margins entire or coarsely dentate, teeth apiculate; surfaces abaxially sparsely pubescent to glabrous. Flowers solitary, nodding, fragrant; peduncle arising from angle between petioles, 1.5-6 cm; sepals orbiculate, 10-18 × 10-18 mm; petals white, rarely pink, obovate, 15-35 × 10-25 mm; stamens 2 times number of petals, 8-13 mm; filaments 3-5 mm; anthers 5-8 × 1-1.5 mm; ovaries 6-12 × 4-8 mm; style 1-2 mm; stigmas 3-6 mm. Berries yellow, rarely orange or maroon, 3.5-5.5 × 2.0-4 cm. Seeds 30-50, ovoid, 6-8 × 4-6 mm. 2 n = 12.

Flowering spring, fruiting late spring-summer; summer deciduous. Mixed deciduous forest, fields, moist road banks, river banks; 50-800 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

The following forms have been described:

Podophyllum peltatum forma aphyllum Plitt--fertile shoots with no foliage leaves; Podophyllum peltatum forma biltmoreanum Steyermark--fruits orange; Podophyllum peltatum forma deamii Raymond--fruits and seeds maroon, and flowers, placentae, and plant axes pink-tinged; Podophyllum peltatum forma polycarpum (Clute) Plitt--flowers with multiple, free carpels.

The ripe fruit of Podophyllum peltatum is considered edible; all other parts of the plant are toxic. Several lignans and their glycosides, present in the resin extracted from rhizomes and roots, exhibit antitumor activity. Etoposide, a semisynthetic derivative of one of the lignans, is currently used in the treatment of small-cell lung cancer and testicular cancer (P. M. Dewick 1983). Native Americans used Podophyllum for a wide variety of medicinal purposes and as an insecticide (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Podophyllum peltatum is sometimes cultivated in woodland gardens, and some populations on the periphery of its geographical range may be escapes from cultivation.

Updated: 2024-07-19 17:32:44 gmt
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