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Polyprion americanus (Bloch &. Schneider, 1801)
BASS GROPER
Cernier; Cherna; Hapuka; Hapuka Cod; Hapuku; Longnose Hapuku; Moeone; Stone Bass; Polyprion moeone Phillipps, 1927; Amphiprion americanus Bloch and Schneider, 1801; Wreckfish

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/daeb2922-0c0f-45a5-bdcb-8e7f74a22d65 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/daeb2922-0c0f-45a5-bdcb-8e7f74a22d65
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Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » PERCOIDEI (Suborder) » POLYPRIONIDAE (Family) » Polyprion Schinz, 1822 (Genus) » Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Species Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

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CAAB : 37311170 Taxon concept Polyprion_americanus last modified 2014-08-05 15:23:41.472

Species Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Bass Groper , Cernier, Cherna, Groper, Hapuka, Hapuka Cod, Hapuku, Longnose Hapuku, Moeone, Stone Bass

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

 

Miscellaneous Literature Names

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria


Extra Distribution Information

Sydney, NSW (33º53´S), off Gabo Island, VIC (37º34´S) and TAS; temperate, southern circumglobal.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Norfolk Island Province (21), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, continental slope, inshore, marine, rock reef, soft bottom.

Extra Ecological Information

100-900 m

 

General References

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [50]

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania . Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. [347] (as P. moeone )

Roberts, C.D. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Polyprionidae, Serranidae and Callanthiidae. pp. 534-549 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast . Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [534]

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook . Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [220]

 

Common Name References

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania . Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. [347] (Moeone)

Roberts, C.D. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Polyprionidae, Serranidae and Callanthiidae. pp. 534-549 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast . Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [534] (Cernier, Cherna, Stone Bass)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Bass Groper )

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook . Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [220] ( Bass Groper , Groper, Hapuka, Hapuka Cod, Hapuku, Longnose Hapuku)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
01-Feb-2019 13-Dec-2010 MOVED
09-Nov-2012 17-Sep-2010 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Tuesday, 5 August 2014 3:23:41 PM AEST

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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Polyprion&speciesname=americanus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Polyprion-americanus.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Polyprion-americanus.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Polyprion-americanus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider , 1801)

Wreckfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Polyprion americanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Polyprion americanus (Wreckfish) Polyprion americanus
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Polyprionidae (Wreckfishes)
Etymology: Polyprion: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek, prion = saw (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 40 - 600 m (Ref. 7251 ), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 36731 ).   Deep-water; 70°N - 55°S, 82°W - 179°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa (Ref. 6633 ), including the Mediterranean, Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde, and Tristan da Cunha. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada and Gulf of Maine to North Carolina, USA (Ref. 7251 ). Recorded from Uruguay to Argentina (Ref. 9050 ). Western Indian Ocean: St. Paul and Amsterdam islands (Ref. 6633 ). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755 , 9072 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 77.9   range ? - 90 cm
Max length : 210 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251 ); common length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397 ); max. published weight: 100.0 kg (Ref. 35388 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8 - 10. Bluish grey above, paler below with a silvery sheen; fins blackish brown (Ref. 6633 ). Juveniles have black blotches on head and body (Ref. 6633 ). Body tall, compressed. Big mouth with big head and a rough bony ridge across upper part of the gill cover (Ref. 35388 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults prefer to inhabit caves and shipwrecks (Ref. 27121 ). Juveniles congregate below floating objects (Ref. 27121 ). Usually solitary. Feed on large crustaceans, cephalopods and benthic fishes (Ref. 27121 ). Spawn in the summer (Ref. 35388 ). Are primary gonochorists (Ref. 58421 ). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988 ). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 6633.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Primary gonochorists (Ref. 58421 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Sedberry, George | Collaborators

Wheeler, A. , 1992. A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(suppl.A):1-37. (Ref. 5204 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Critically Endangered (CR)  (A2abd); Date assessed: 30 April 2003

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

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Special reports

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 5.2 - 19, mean 9.4 (based on 672 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.8125   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00963 - 0.01804), b=3.00 (2.91 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.64 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.05-0.08; tmax=76; tm=9-10 yrs estimated from VBGF; Fec=3 million). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Low .

Entered by Papasissi, Christine Modified by Froese, Rainer Fish Forum
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