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Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787)
EMPEROR ANGELFISH
Emperor Angel-fish; Holacanthus imperator Bloch, 1787; Chaetodon imperator Bloch, 1787

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Pomacanthidae   Pomacanthus


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/177f5fc4-a282-4bd5-9ef3-af095f5e2720 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/177f5fc4-a282-4bd5-9ef3-af095f5e2720
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You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » PERCOIDEI (Suborder) » POMACANTHIDAE (Family) » Pomacanthus Lacépède, 1802 (Genus) » Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787)

Species Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787)

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CAAB : 37365014 Taxon concept Pomacanthus_imperator last modified 2013-10-09 10:07:52.756

Species Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787)

Emperor Angelfish , Emperor Angel-fish

 

Generic Combinations

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Shark Bay (26°08'S) to Dampier Archipelago (20°28'S), WA, also Rowley Shoals (17°20'S) and Scott Reef (14°03'S), WA, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea (12°15'S) and Portlock Reef, Coral Sea (9°35'11"S, 144°48'37"E) to Port Stephens, NSW (32°40'S), also Lord Howe Island, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands; tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Lord Howe Province (14), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Christmas Island Province (23), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northwest Transition (3), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Territory of Ashmore & Cartier Islands

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef, inshore, marine.

Extra Ecological Information

1-100 m.

 

General References

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [156]

Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & Allen, M. 1998. A Guide to Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes . Cairns : Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research 250 pp. figs. [86]

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island . Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. [143]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers . Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [100]

Kuiter, R.H., Debelius, H. & Tanaka, H. 2003. Pomacanthidae, a Comprehensive Guide to Angelfishes . Melbourne : Zoonetics 206 pp. [34]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5 : 145–329 [251] (as Holacanthus imperator )

Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae. pp. 3224-3286 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [3285]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [244]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [244]

Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World. Australia . Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed Vol. 1 144 pp. 216 figs. [134]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [47] (1355)

 

Common Name References

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland . Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. [263] (Emperor Angel-fish)

Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae. pp. 3224-3286 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [3285] (FAO) ( Emperor Angelfish )

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Emperor Angelfish )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
19-Dec-2012 19-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
24-Oct-2011 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Wednesday, 9 October 2013 10:07:52 AM AEDT

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Pomacanthidae  
 Genus Pomacanthus  
  Pomacanthus imperator    (Bloch, 1787) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Acanthochaetodon imperator Acanthochaetodon nicobariensis Chaetodon imperator Chaetodon nicobariensis Holacanthus imperator Holacanthus nicobariensis Pomacanthodes imperator Pomacanthus nicobariensis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body oval, deep, strongly compressed. Preorbital bone convex and without strong spines. 1 prominent spines at angle of preopercle. Ventral edge of interopercle serrated. Eye moderately small. Mouth small, terminal, protractile, gape not extending to anterior rim or orbit. Scale on middle of body with focus before or just on anterior margin of exposed portion. Dorsal fin with XIII spines and 19-21 soft rays, and posterior corner of dorsal fin pointed and elongated posteriorly in adults; anal fin with III spines and 20 soft rays; caudal fin rounded. Juveniles are bluish black with concentric white circles. Adults blue with close-set horizontal yellow stripes on the sides and the adjoining dorsal and anal fins. Snout and cheek bluish white; eye enclosed in a black vertical bar with blue edge; pectoral fin base area also black. 
Habitat: Juveniles are encountered under ledges, or in holes of outer lagoon patch reefs or semi-protected areas of exposed channels and outer reef flats. Subadults move to reef front holes and surge channels. Large adults inhabit ledges and caves in areas of rich 
Distribution: Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific from. It is mainly found in eastern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Marine aquarium fish.  
Name Code: 382302
  
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pomacanthus+imperator&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pomacanthus+imperator&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 9
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Pomacanthus imperator%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
Emperor Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0422 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
Emperor Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0421 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0154 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0019 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
Emperor Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0808 [detail]
© 2007 John White

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
Emperor Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 0109 1806 [detail]
© 2009 Tammy Ward

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
Emperor Angel Fish
ID: 0000 0000 0109 1828 [detail]
© 2009 Tammy Ward

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
Emperor Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1348 [detail]
© 2009 John White

Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus imperator
Emperor Angelfish
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1349 [detail]
© 2009 John White

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pomacanthus&speciesname=imperator ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pomacanthus&speciesname=imperator
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pomacanthus&speciesname=imperator ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Pomacanthus-imperator.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch , 1787)

Emperor angelfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomacanthus imperator   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacanthidae (Angelfishes)
Etymology: Pomacanthus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Bloch .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 48391 ).   Tropical; 31°N - 28°S, 32°E - 144°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian, Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, and the Austral Islands (Ref. 33390 ). Not found in Easter Island, Rapa and the Marquesan Islands (Ref. 48391 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 ); max. reported age: 14 years (Ref. 72479 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-21; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 18 - 21.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Juveniles are encountered under ledges, or in holes of outer lagoon patch reefs or semi-protected areas of exposed channels and outer reef flats. Subadults move to reef front holes and surge channels. Large adults inhabit ledges and caves in areas of rich coral growth on clear lagoon, channel, or seaward reefs (Ref. 6113 ). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302 ). Feed on sponges and other encrusting organisms (Ref. 6113 ); also on tunicates. Form pairs. Young and adults may clean much larger fishes such as sunfish (Ref. 48636 ). Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Juveniles are distinguished by a white dorsal-fin margin (Ref. 48391 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Myers, R.F. , 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 08 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Tools

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.6 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 1496 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04677 (0.02590 - 0.08448), b=2.89 (2.73 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.7   ±0.00 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Agustin, Liza Q. Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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