TaiBIF | Search | All Living Things

Portulaca oleracea L.
Little hogweed; Portulaca umbraticola

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Portulacaceae   Portulaca

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Portulaca oleracea
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Portulaca oleracea
Portulaca oleracea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Portulaca oleracea

Portulaca oleracea, plant
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Portulaca oleracea, plant

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo bliti @ BPI (1)

Albugo candida @ BPI (1)

Albugo platensis @ BPI (2)

Albugo portulacae @ BPI (1)

Albugo portulaceae @ BPI (145)

Albugo portulacearum @ BPI (2)

Albugo tragopogonis @ BPI (2)

Albugo @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (5); CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Smynthurodes betae @ NCSU (4)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum @ BPI (1)
Lygaeidae  Nysius coenosulus @ UCR_ENT (2)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (18)

Microtechnites bractatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Spanagonicus albofasciatus @ MEMU_ENT (26); AMNH_PBI (2)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium portulacae @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus solani @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Rhopalidae  Aufeius impressicollis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
_  Dichotomophthora indica @ BPI (39)

Dichotomophthora lutea @ BPI (1)

Dichotomophthora portulacae @ BPI (7)

Dichotomophthora @ BPI (3)

Wilsoniana portulacae @ BPI (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 403 Forbidden http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=2&page=336

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Portulaca oleracea L. Purslane
Portulacaceae — Purslane family
Portulaca oleracea
The backyard
July 2002

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://www.missouriplants.com/Yellowalt/Portulaca_oleracea_page.html

Following modified from Malezas de Mexico, CONABIO
   Top | See original

http://conabioweb.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/portulacaceae/portulaca-oleracea/FICHAS/0PAGINA1.HTM ---> http://www.conabio.gob.mx/institucion/notfound/doctos/notfound.html

Para ver correctamente esta página su navegador debe soportar CSS

No podemos encontrar esa página

Lo sentimos lo que intentó buscar no fue encontrado en nuestro sitio. Recuerde que la estructura del sito cambió desde el 30 de abril de 2002, para reportar una liga inexistente por favor, escriba un mensaje a conabio@xolo.conabio.gob.mx .

Presione aquí para nuestro mapa del sitio y búsqueda o vaya a nuestra página principal .


We can’t find that page.

We are sorry, the page you attempted to find was not found on Conabio’s site, Remember that the structure site was change since april 29th, 2002, to report a broken link, please send a message to conabio@xolo.conabio.gob.mx .

Click here to our Site Map and Search or go to our home page site .


Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://taibnet.sinica.edu.tw/eng/taibnet_species_detail.php?gen=Portulaca&spe=oleracea

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POOL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POOL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POOL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POOL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POOL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POOL
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
 Alternative Crops
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
PLANTS Image Gallery
 50,000+ Plant Images
Download PLANTS data
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
Related tools
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Portulaca oleracea L.
little hogweed

Image of Portulaca oleracea

General Information
Symbol: POOL
Group: Dicot
Family: Portulacaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I,N
HI   I
L48   I,N
PB   I,N
PR   I
VI   I
Other Common Names: akulikuli kula
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Portulaca thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States Virgin Islands, Saint John. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Denton. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 40. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 40. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
PONE6 Portulaca neglecta Mack. & Bush
POOLG Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. granulatostellulata (Poelln.) Danin & Baker
POOLI Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. impolita Danin & Baker
POOLN Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. nicaraguensis Danin & Baker
POOLN2 Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. nitida Danin & Baker
POOLP Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. papillatostellulata Danin & Baker
POOLS Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. stellata Danin & Baker
POOLO Portulaca oleracea L. var. oleracea
POOLP2 Portulaca oleracea L. var. parvifolia (Haw.) Griseb.
PORE4 Portulaca retusa Engelm.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Portulacaceae – Purslane family
Genus Portulaca L. – purslane
Species Portulaca oleracea L. – little hogweed

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arizona common purslane Prohibited noxious weed common purslane Regulated noxious weeds
U.S. Weed Information
Portulaca oleracea akulikuli-kula common purslane duckweed pursley pusley wild portulaca This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. 1999. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FAC
Hawaii FACU
South Pacific Islands FAC
North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (POOL)
CalPhotos (POOL)
Flora of North America (POOL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PONE6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLG)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLN2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PORE4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (POOL)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (POOL)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (POOL)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (POOL)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (POOL)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (POOL)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (POOL)
Related Websites
Arizona: abstract & image of common purslane (Portulaca oleracea) (POOL)
CalFlora: database occurrence (POOL)
CalFlora: database occurrence (POOL)
Canada-Manitoba Weeds (POOL)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (POOL)
University of Hawaii Campus Plants: images (POOL)
Virginia: abstract & image (POOL)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover

 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 4 Page 499 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Portulacaceae | Portulaca

5. Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 445. 1753.

Common purslane

Portulaca oleracea

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Portulaca neglecta Mackenzie & Bush; P. retusa Engelmann

Plants annual, glabrous; taproot 2-10 cm. Stems prostrate, succulent; trichomes at nodes and in inflorescence absent or inconspicuous; branches to 56 cm. Leaf blades obovate or spatulate, flattened, 4-28 × 2-13 mm, apex round to retuse or nearly truncate; involucrelike leaves 1-4. Flowers 3-10 mm diam.; petals yellow, oblong, 3-4.6 × 1.8-3 mm; stamens 6-12(-20); stigmas 3-6. Capsules ovoid, 4-9 mm diam. Seeds black or dark brown, orbiculate or elongate, flattened, 0.6-1.1 mm; surface cells ± smooth, granular, or stellate, with rounded tubercles. 2 n = 18, 36, 54.

Flowering late spring-early fall. Fields, waste places; 0-2800 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe

A. P. Simopoulos and N. Salem Jr. (1986) and A. P. Simopoulos et al. (1992) have shown Portulaca oleracea to have the highest content of omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants of any green leafy vegetable examined to date, suggesting that common purslane should be considered for its nutritional value and not for its weediness. It has long been used as fodder and may have been present in the New World in pre-Columbian times (R. Byrne and J. H. McAndrews 1975). Currently, it is fed to poultry to reduce egg cholesterol.

Portulaca oleracea is a highly variable species with worldwide distribution in temperate to warm regions and is the most winter-hardy of all the portulacas. It is a very aggressive weed, one of the ten most noxious weeds worldwide (J. S. Singh and K. P. Singh 1967). As such, many variants have been named (C. D. Legrand 1962) based on seed surface differences, size of seeds, or on variable characters of growth habit, leaf length, and number of stamens. Seven subspecies were recognized by A. Danin et al. (1978): subsp. oleracea , subsp. impolita Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. granulatostellulata Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. nicaraguensis Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. nitida Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. papillatostellulata Danin & H. G. Baker, and subsp. stellata Danin & H. G. Baker.

Updated: 2020-08-03 21:20:53 gmt
TaiBIF | Search | All Living Things | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation