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Portulaca oleracea L.
COMMON PURSLANE
Little hogweed; Portulaca umbraticola

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Portulaca oleracea
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Portulaca oleracea
Portulaca oleracea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Portulaca oleracea

Portulaca oleracea, plant
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Portulaca oleracea, plant

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo bliti @ BPI (1)

Albugo candida @ BPI (1)

Albugo platensis @ BPI (2)

Albugo portulacae @ BPI (1)

Albugo portulaceae @ BPI (145)

Albugo portulacearum @ BPI (2)

Albugo tragopogonis @ BPI (2)

Albugo @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (5); CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Smynthurodes betae @ NCSU (4)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum @ BPI (1)
Lygaeidae  Nysius coenosulus @ UCR_ENT (2)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (18)

Microtechnites bractatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Spanagonicus albofasciatus @ MEMU_ENT (26); AMNH_PBI (2)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium portulacae @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus solani @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Rhopalidae  Aufeius impressicollis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
_  Dichotomophthora indica @ BPI (39)

Dichotomophthora lutea @ BPI (1)

Dichotomophthora portulacae @ BPI (7)

Dichotomophthora @ BPI (3)

Wilsoniana portulacae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Portulaca oleracea L. Purslane
Portulacaceae — Purslane family
Non-native
Portulaca oleracea
The backyard
July 2002

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POOL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POOL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POOL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POOL
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Portulaca oleracea L.
little hogweed

Image of Portulaca oleracea

General Information
Symbol: POOL
Group: Dicot
Family: Portulacaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I,N
HI   I
L48   I,N
NAV   I
PB   I,N
PR   I
VI   I
Other Common Names: akulikuli kula
pigweed
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Portulaca thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States Virgin Islands, Saint John. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Denton. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 40. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 40. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PONE6 Portulaca neglecta Mack. & Bush
POOLG Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. granulatostellulata (Poelln.) Danin & Baker
POOLI Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. impolita Danin & Baker
POOLN Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. nicaraguensis Danin & Baker
POOLN2 Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. nitida Danin & Baker
POOLP Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. papillatostellulata Danin & Baker
POOLS Portulaca oleracea L. ssp. stellata Danin & Baker
POOLO Portulaca oleracea L. var. oleracea
POOLP2 Portulaca oleracea L. var. parvifolia (Haw.) Griseb.
PORE4 Portulaca retusa Engelm.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Portulacaceae – Purslane family
Genus Portulaca L. – purslane
Species Portulaca oleracea L. – little hogweed

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arizona common purslane Prohibited noxious weed common purslane Regulated noxious weeds
U.S. Weed Information
Portulaca oleracea akulikuli-kula common purslane duckweed pursley pusley wild portulaca This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. 1999. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FAC
Hawaii FACU
Hawaii
South Pacific Islands FAC
North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (POOL)
CalPhotos (POOL)
Flora of North America (POOL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PONE6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLG)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLN2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POOLS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PORE4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (POOL)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (POOL)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (POOL)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (POOL)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (POOL)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (POOL)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (POOL)
Related Websites
Arizona: abstract & image of common purslane (Portulaca oleracea) (POOL)
CalFlora: database occurrence (POOL)
CalFlora: database occurrence (POOL)
Canada-Manitoba Weeds (POOL)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (POOL)
University of Hawaii Campus Plants: images (POOL)
Virginia: abstract & image (POOL)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Portulacaceae | Portulaca

5. Portulaca oleracea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 445. 1753.

Common purslane

Portulaca oleracea

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Portulaca neglecta Mackenzie & Bush; P. retusa Engelmann

Plants annual, glabrous; taproot 2-10 cm. Stems prostrate, succulent; trichomes at nodes and in inflorescence absent or inconspicuous; branches to 56 cm. Leaf blades obovate or spatulate, flattened, 4-28 × 2-13 mm, apex round to retuse or nearly truncate; involucrelike leaves 1-4. Flowers 3-10 mm diam.; petals yellow, oblong, 3-4.6 × 1.8-3 mm; stamens 6-12(-20); stigmas 3-6. Capsules ovoid, 4-9 mm diam. Seeds black or dark brown, orbiculate or elongate, flattened, 0.6-1.1 mm; surface cells ± smooth, granular, or stellate, with rounded tubercles. 2 n = 18, 36, 54.

Flowering late spring-early fall. Fields, waste places; 0-2800 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe

A. P. Simopoulos and N. Salem Jr. (1986) and A. P. Simopoulos et al. (1992) have shown Portulaca oleracea to have the highest content of omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants of any green leafy vegetable examined to date, suggesting that common purslane should be considered for its nutritional value and not for its weediness. It has long been used as fodder and may have been present in the New World in pre-Columbian times (R. Byrne and J. H. McAndrews 1975). Currently, it is fed to poultry to reduce egg cholesterol.

Portulaca oleracea is a highly variable species with worldwide distribution in temperate to warm regions and is the most winter-hardy of all the portulacas. It is a very aggressive weed, one of the ten most noxious weeds worldwide (J. S. Singh and K. P. Singh 1967). As such, many variants have been named (C. D. Legrand 1962) based on seed surface differences, size of seeds, or on variable characters of growth habit, leaf length, and number of stamens. Seven subspecies were recognized by A. Danin et al. (1978): subsp. oleracea , subsp. impolita Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. granulatostellulata Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. nicaraguensis Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. nitida Danin & H. G. Baker, subsp. papillatostellulata Danin & H. G. Baker, and subsp. stellata Danin & H. G. Baker.

Updated: 2020-08-03 21:20:53 gmt
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