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Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes, 1833
FRECKLED DRIFTFISH
Blue Eyebrow-fish; Psenes leucurus Valenciennes, 1833; Striped driftfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Nomeidae   Psenes

Psenes cyanophrys
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Psenes cyanophrys

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espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • oval
  • 2nd dorsal fin : 23-28 anal fin has 23-28 rays
  • adult -yellow + dark lines
  • teeth same size both jaws
  • pectoral pointed
  • juvenile - translucent, silvery
Dorsal rays IX-XI, 23-28; anal rays III, 23-28; pectoral rays 17-20, fin pointed; pelvic fins present; gill rakers on first arch 8-9 + 20; body oval; snout blunt; upper and lower teeth same size; second dorsal and anal fins higher than spinous dorsal; tail fin forked with somewhat rounded lobes; scales very tiny.

Young are translucent whitish with silvery head and abdomen; adults yellowish with dark longitudinal lines on side.

Size: grows to at least 20 cm.

Inhabits surface layers of the high seas; young are associated with drifting jellyfish and floating Sargassum.

Depth: 0-550 m.

Worldwide in temperate and tropical seas. Costa Rica to Ecuador, Cocos, Malpelo and the Galapagos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 550 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: pelagic jellyfish/ctenophores; zooplankton; bony fishes; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=11; Southern limit=-5; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=16; Longitudinal range=15.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bathypelagic.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); TEP non-endemic; All species.
Habitat: Jellyfish; Water column; Flotsam.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 20 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Ahlstrom , E. H. , Butler , J. L..and Sumida, B. Y., 1976., Pelagic stromateoid fishes (Pisces, Perciformes) of the eastern Pacific: Kinds, distributions and early life histories and observations on five of these from the northwest Atlantic., Bull. Mar. Sci., 26:285-402.
  • Cuvier , G. and Valenciennes, A., 1833., Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome neuviŔme. Suite du livre neuviŔme. Des ScombÚro´des., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 9:1-512.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Grove , J.S. and Lavenberg, R. J., 1997., The fishes of the Galßpagos islands., Stanford University Press:863 pp.
  • Hunter, J. R. and Mitchell, C. T., 1966., Association of fishes with flotsam in the offshore waters of Central America., Fishery Bulletin, 66:13-29.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1925., The marine fishes of Panama. Part II., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:331-707.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Psenes&speciesname=cyanophrys ---> http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Psenes&speciesname=cyanophrys
http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Psenes&speciesname=cyanophrys ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Psenes&speciesname=cyanophrys
https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Psenes&speciesname=cyanophrys ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/Psenes-cyanophrys.html
Psenes cyanophrys, Freckled driftfish
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes , 1833

Freckled driftfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Psenes cyanophrys   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Nomeidae (Driftfishes)
Etymology: Psenes: Greek, psenos, -e, -on = without hair (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Valenciennes .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 20 - 550 m (Ref. 13608 ). Deep-water; 49°N - 43°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and warmer temperate waters. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to South America (Ref. 7251 ). Reported from southern Africa (Ref. 4412 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23-28; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 23 - 28; Vertebrae : 31. Dark horizontal lines laterally (Ref. 4412 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits the open ocean (Ref. 26340 ). Found under floating weeds or debris. Adults were found under large weed-rafts at a depth of about 20 meters, using the shade as cover. They also form schools (Ref. 48637 ). Associated with Sargassum (Ref. 26340 ) and jellyfish (Ref. 7251 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Haedrich, R.L. , 1986. Nomeidae. p. 846-850. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4412 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 29 January 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 12.7 - 26, mean 18.8 °C (based on 983 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.46 se; based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100). Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 52.9 [17.9, 131.8] mg/100g; Iron = 0.51 [0.18, 1.50] mg/100g; Protein = 18.1 [16.5, 19.6] %; Omega3 = 0.167 [0.062, 0.423] g/100g; Selenium = 14.6 [4.6, 43.1] ╬╝g/100g; VitaminA = 22.2 [2.6, 185.2] ╬╝g/100g; Zinc = 0.554 [0.275, 1.128] mg/100g (wet weight);

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